Source:World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology

International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering Vol:7, No:11, 2013

Satisfaction Survey of a Displaced Population Affected by a New Planned Development of Naya Raipur, India – Sagar Jajoo

 

Abstract—Urban planning is the need of the hour in a rapidly developing county like India. In essence, urban planning enhances
the quality of land at a reasonable cost. Naya (New) Raipur is the new planned capital of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, and is one of
India’s few planned cities. Over the next decade it will drastically change the landscape of the state of Chhattisgarh. This new planned
development is quintessential in growing this backward region and providing for future infrastructure. Key questions that arise are: How
are people living in the surrounding region of New Raipur affected by its development? Are the affected people satisfied with
compensation and rehabilitation that has been provided by the New Raipur Development Authority? To answer these questions, field
research study in the form of questionnaires, interviews and site visits was conducted. To summarize the findings, while a majority of the
surveyed population was dissatisfied with the rehabilitation and compensation provided by the New Raipur Development Authority,
they were very positive about the success of the new development.
Most thought that the new city would help their careers, improve job opportunities, improve prospects for their future generations, and
benefit society as a whole.
To improve rehabilitation schemes for the future, the reasons for the negative sentiment brewing amongst the villagers regarding the
monetary compensation was investigated. Most villagers deemed the monetary compensation to be lacking as they had squandered their
financial windfall already. With numerous interviews and site visits, it was discovered that the lump sum form of monetary compensation
was to blame. With a huge sum of money received at once and a lack of financial education, many villagers squandered this newly gained
money on unnecessary purchases such as alcohol and expensive vehicles without investing for the long run in farmland and education
for their children. One recommendation proposed to the New Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) for future monetary compensation
design in times of rehabilitating people was to provide payments in installments rather than lump sums and educate the people about
investing the compensation money wisely. This would save them from wasting money they receive and the ensuing dissatisfaction of
squandering that money. Keywords—Compensation, Naya Raipur, Rehabilitation, Satisfaction Survey, Urban Planning.

I. INTRODUCTION
new era of urbanization is dawning upon India. Once a primarily rural country, more than half a billion Indians
will live in urban areas within the next decade. Planning for such an influx of people into urban centers is a prodigious
task. Urban India in the next two decades will have a population almost twice the size of the United States and more million plus cities than Europe and North America combined.
Urban planning is the pivotal factor that is required to build a planned city of this scale and magnitude. Urban planning
seeks to enhance the quality of land at reasonable cost. In the failure of planning that has plagued India’s urban
centers, Naya Raipur sorely stands out, and proudly so. It ridicules the claim of the Indian government being able to do
nothing substantial of impeccable quality. Hopefully, Naya Raipur can catalyze growth in the relatively backward state of
Chhattisgarh, while also providing much required impetus to future planned developments across India. Of utmost
importance, it will dramatically change the local region, uplift lakhs from dire straits and completely transform the region for
the better. Naya Raipur Development Authority (NDRA) [1] is armed with the top urban planners in the country, who have
developed a dynamic master plan for Naya Raipurthat strives to build an inclusive and vibrant capital city while at the same
time provides flexibility for future development and desires.
The survey seeks to analyze effects of planned developments on sentiments of population affected by planned
developments of which Naya Raipur is a splendid example.

II.BRIEF BACKGROUND OF NAYA RAIPUR DEVELOPMENT
The state of Chhattisgarh in India was formed on November 1st, 2000 when sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking districts go
seceded from Madhya Pradesh. Raipur, the new capital of Chhattisgarh, witnessed unprecedented and unplanned growth
on a scale that had not been anticipated. The administrative capital did not have the requisite buildings and facilities to
function as a capital so the state government decided to build an entirely new planned city called Naya Raipur on the
outskirts of the Raipur metropolitan area. The aim of the city is not only to hold all the governmental institutions, but also to
become a regional financial, healthcare, cultural and educational hub. Most of all, it is to be a sustainable ecofriendly
green city splayed with verdant scenes, and is shaping up to be exactly the way it was dreamed.
Hopefully, Naya Raipur can catalyze growth in the relatively backward state of Chhattisgarh, while also providing
much required impetus to future planned developments across India. Of utmost importance, it will and surely will
dramatically change the local region, uplift lakhs from dire straits and completely transform the region for the better.

III. AIM OF THE FIELD RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY
A.Aim of the Survey Research
As a part of the Naya Raipur development, Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) had to acquire land from
many of the existing villages in the area. Some of these villagers were displaced out of their existing homes and were
rehabilitated in a newly built housing society by NRDA. Some lost their farmland for the new urban development and were
provided monetary compensation by NRDA. Some villagers lost both their farmland and their houses. Some villagers were
completely unaffected by the new development.
The aim of this field research was to study the satisfaction level of displaced population affected by the planned
development of Naya Raipur.
B. Design of the Survey Research Study
The research was conducted first-hand and involved survey
[2] questionnaires and interviews with affected villagers. Surveys are inclusive in the types and number of variables
that can be studied, require minimal investment to develop and administer, and are relatively easy for making generalizations
[3]. Surveys can also elicit information about attitudes that are otherwise difficult to measure using observational techniques.
It is important to note, however, that surveys only provide estimates for the true population, not exact measurements [3].
Finally, survey research uses a selected portion of the population from which the findings can later be generalized
back to the population. Based on this philosophy, a sample of convenience [4] population was selected. A sample of
convenience is the terminology used to describe a sample in which elements have been selected from the target population
on the basis of their accessibility or convenience to the researcher.
A questionnaire seeking information about satisfaction was designed based on Likert scale [2]. A Likert scale is a
psychometric scale commonly involved in research that employs questionnaires. It is the most widely used approach to
scaling responses in survey research, such that the term is often used interchangeably with rating scale [5]. When
responding to a Likert questionnaire item, respondents specify their level of agreement or disagreement on a symmetric
agree-disagree scale for a series of statements. Thus, the range captures the intensity of their feelings for a given item. All the
questions included in the survey were unbiased and contained a definitive structure so that more accurate responses were
obtained.
A convenience sample of 32villagers from two affected villages (Rakhi and Kayabandha) was selected and survey
questionnaire was administered by the author. Some of these villagers were displaced out of their existing homes and were
rehabilitated in a newly built housing society. From the sample, some had lost their farmland for the new urban
development. Some had lost both their farmland and their houses, while others were unaffected. The survey and
interviews were conducted in these two villages mentioned above. Questionnaires were made available in both English
and Hindi for easy understanding and to get accurate responses.
Questions included information about general demographics; satisfaction with rehabilitation and
compensation; the villagers’ perception of benefits of the new development for them as well as for the future generation and
society at large.

C.Data Collection and Analysis
The questionnaire was administered on location and later data was entered and analyzed on an Excel spreadsheet. Data
for all 32 people were entered and 32 records were created. Each questionnaire had a unique identification number. This
was done so that each questionnaire answered, that is each record, could be uniquely identified and searched for with
ease.

IV. FINDINGS FROM THE SURVEY RESEARCH STUDY
A. Analysis
Out of the 32 surveyed villagers, there were 17 males and 15 females (Fig. 1). Median age was 25-35 year (Fig. 2). 50%
the population surveyed was below 10th grade, 22% was above 10th grade and 28% did not go to school (Fig. 3).
11% of population surveyed was students (Fig. 4). In a household, on average, there were 2.2 earning members. The
average size of a household was 7.5 people (Fig. 5). With respect to household income, 58% population had an income
level of between Rs 5,000 to Rs 20,000 per month, 31% of the population had an income of less than Rs 5,000 per month and
11% were earning above Rs 20,000 per month (Fig. 6).
In terms of length of stay in their original homes, 81% of the surveyed population was living there for more than 10
years, 9% lived there between 1 to 10 years and the rest lived in their homes for less than a year (Fig. 7).
52% of the surveyed population lost their farmland, 30% lost both house and farmland, 7% lost only their house and 7%
lost nothing (Fig. 8).

In relation to compensation as per respondents, 56% received money only, 27% received money and free housing,
7% free housing and 7% did not receive any compensation (because they were unaffected with the new development)
(Fig. 9).
When it comes to compensation satisfaction – 26% were satisfied, 26% were dissatisfied and 37% extremely
dissatisfied (Fig. 10).
Regarding rehabilitation – 37% were satisfied, 8% were very satisfied, 30% dissatisfied and 25% extremely
dissatisfied (Fig. 11). As a result of rehabilitation, 39% stated that nothing changed for them, 27% felt that their conditions
improved by virtue of toilets, electricity, and a concrete house structure. The rest did not answer this question.
With respect the future impact of planned development on them, 53% villagers thought that the development will help
them, 19% mentioned that they were not sure while 28% thought it will not help them (Fig. 12). In response of the
question, “Will the development help the next

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lump sum money is given as compensation, people tend not to use it judiciously and quite often they lose entire
compensation in unproductive ways such as purchasing a car, unnecessarily large expenditure. Some of the villagers had
already spent most of their windfall unwisely and as a result were dissatisfied with the compensation. Keeping this in mind,
compensation aspects can be better designed with different structure such as annuity payment or payments in installments.

V.CONCLUSION
While majority of the surveyed population was dissatisfied with the rehabilitation and compensation, they were very
positive about the success of the new development. Most thought that the new development will help them and their
future generation and benefit the society as a whole. One main reason for the dissatisfaction with the compensation seems to
be because lump sum payment was unwisely spent by some of the villagers. One recommendation for future compensation
design may be to look at payments in installments and educating the people about investing the money wisely.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
The author is deeply indebted to Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) team for giving valuable advice and
information pertaining to the project and urban planning in general. The author would also like to express his gratitude to
Shyam Bajaj, CEO of the NRDA, for his invaluable guidance in conducting this study and P Joy Ooman, the former
chairman of NRDA, for his insights on the project. The author also wishes to acknowledge villagers of the Rakhi and
Kayabanda villages who graciously participated in a survey. Lastly, the author could not have done this study without his
family’s support.
REFERENCES
[1] Naya Raipur Development Authority, http://www.nayaraipur.com/
[2] William B. Armstrong, “Planning your Survey, A Brief Primer on
Strategies and Approaches”, http://studentresearch.ucsd.edu/sriweb/
Presentations/PlanningYourSurvey.
[3] Prisclilla A. Glasow, “Fundamentals of Survey Research Methodology”,
April 2005, MITRE, Washington C3 Cente, Virginia.
[4] Joan Joseph Castillo, “Convenience Sampling”, web blog

http://explorable.com/convenience-sampling.

[5] “Rating Scale”, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/rating_scale

Sagar Jajoo is a senior high school student at The International School
Bangalore, where he is pursuing his International Baccalaureate diploma.
He has done an internship at Janagraha, a non-profit organization based in
Bangalore, India. Janagraha works with citizens and the government to
improve the quality of life in Indian cities and towns. He has also done an
internship at BigBasket.com, India’s leading online groceries company.
World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology

An open Letter to Mr. Rajesh Munat on issues of Nayaraipur

Dear Shri Rajesh Munat Ji,

I am Satish Verma, one of owner of Sector 27 Nayaraipur. I am very impressed with Nayaraipur project, your and CG govt Vision about Nayaraipur. Keep the good work. But need attention in some urgent issues related to habitation in Nayaraipur.

The biggest issues in Nayaraipur are related to habitation, few are:

1) Sector 27 and 29 are one of biggest and planed colony but strangely no play park available for children’s. As per Town and country planning its mandatory but it’s not followed in nayaraipur. Please do needful so our childrens can get space to play on sector 27/29 and help to improve habitation.

2) Safety is major concern, lots of theft in residential houses but no action from Police. Please do something to have dedicated police station to give confidence to resident of Nayaraipur.

3) I understand in all apartments, the water supplied is from bore (ground water), not from treatment plan, Please do arrangement of water supply in apartments from water plant so we get good quality water.

4) No proper service, shops available for day to day needs. We owners ready to contribute and work with govt on habitation, we can contribute to start one big store to cover all type of needs on no loss no profit for next 5 years to help to improve habitation , if Govt. Provide us space in sector 27 .

5) Its 8 years sector 27 development going on, BSNL still has not completed underground cabling work. I have applied broadband connection on July2015, still not given by underground. They tried to give connection overhead against rule. If basic broadband not available, then how it will become smart city? It will be joke in name of smart city.
6) Waste management is in mess. No rules followed, garbage getting burned inside sector in residential area, we have complaint to NRDA but no action. See photos.. Please do strict action and stop this illegal waste disposal ASAP. This is playing with resident health.

 

IMG-20160423-WA0000 IMG-20160423-WA0001 IMG-20160423-WA0002 IMG-20160423-WA0003 IMG-20160423-WA0004

7) There is no complaint system to register complaint about issue in Nayaraipur. NRDA should take responsibility , and should coordinate with respective agencies ..
Please do needful on above issues on Nayaraipur.

Thanks,

Satish Verma

satishverma@nayaraipur.in ,vsatish2021@gmail.com

NAYA RAIPUR CAMPUS

Day Scholar / Day Boarding (Co-Education) from Nursery to Class 6th (Extendable up to Class 12th)
Boarding (For Boys only) from Class 1st to Class 6th (Extendable up to Class 12th) English Medium School (To be affiliated to CBSE)

Day Scholar
Timings : Nursery to KG 2 (11:00am to 01:45pm) , 1 st to 6th (10:00am to 02:30pm).
Day Boarder
Timings : Nursery to KG 2 (11:00am to 03:00pm) , 1 st to 6th (10:00am to 04:00pm).

HIGHLIGHTS

  • AC Class Rooms
  • LBF Trained Teachers
  • AC Dormitories in Hostel
  • LBF Technique and Course Books
  • AC Dining Hall
  • CCTV Cameras
  • AC Buses
  • Audio-Video Room
  • Indoor Sports Complex/Activity Hall
  • Computer Lab
  • Indoor Swimming Pool
  • International Level Sports Facilities for Tennis, Cricket, Football, Athletics, indoor Basketball, Indoor Table Tennis, Judo Karate
  • Healthy Lunch
  • Art, Craft, Dance and Music
  • In the heart of Naya Raipur (20 minutes drive from Raipur)
  • Bus facility will be available on fixed prescribed bus stops in Raipur City, Naya Raipur and Surrounding areas for Classes 1st to 6th and within 5km radius in Naya Raipur for Nursery to KG-2

ABOUT – AGARWAL PUBLIC SCHOOL (NAYA RAIPUR)

  • Agarwal Public School, Naya Raipur is spread over more than 10 acres of lush green campus. The campus is fully developed with broad and spruced up roads within the campus and buildings with all modern facilities.
  • The School is located in one of the fastest growing part of the city Naya Raipur which is very well connected to the Raipur City.
  • The school has transport facility through A/C Buses for all day boarding students.
  • The school currently conducts Classes Nursery to 6th which will gradually be extended upto class 12th year by year.
  • The school building comprises of A/C Classrooms with a huge quadrangle for gatherings and assembly of students. Apart from these, facility of well-equipped computer lab, Library and an audio–visual room are also an integral part of the well planned infra structure.
  • The Infrastructure also possesses a world class indoor sports complex offering facility of an indoor swimming pool, badminton courts, basketball courts etc. It also has the facility of an inhouse auditorium, convenient for conducting the functions and celebrations of school.
  • The school also has a spacious ground for outdoor games and activities.
  • The school is a Co-educational school and has Day Scholar / Day Boarding facility for boys and girls from Nur – Class VI (extendable upto class XII) and boarding facility only for boys of class I – VI (extendable upto class XII). For that there is a separate block developed as a well equipped boarding house with latest amenities including AC dormitories to make our residential students feel comfortable on the campus.
  • To update the parents with the progress of their ward regular parent-teacher-interactions for both Day Scholar / Day Boarding / Boarding students are scheduled by the school.
  • The school has lunch facility for Day Boarders students and for Boarders the school offers the facility of all four meals.
  • For recreation and hobbies of the students there are some other important features which are an integral part of school’s curriculum such as Art/craft, Dance/Music activities, spoken English and Communication Skill development, Stage Practice and teaching them best of conduct and inculcating good moral values in them etc.

PHONE
0771-2430111/2972222
FAX
0771-2971122

EMAIL
infonr@apsraipur.in

LOCATION
Plot B-4, Sector -28, Naya Raipur 492015 (C.G.) India

Naya Raipur has emerged in the country with the largest land bank of a mammoth 237 square kilometres ( 23,700 hectares), officials stated.

Notably, the Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) will soon get a traffic safety audit of Bus Rapid Transport System (BRTS) and Non Motorised Transportation (NMT) corridors done under India-SUTP project, officials stated.

The BRTS project being implemented in the new capital city is expected to be completed by end of 2016, officials informed.

An interim bus service is already running between Raipur and Naya Raipur .

Notably, the Naya Raipur Mass Transport Ltd (NRMTL) is in the process of developing a total of three BRTS corridors covering a total of 40 kms with exclusive ‘Right of Way’ with the possibility of mixed route extension.

NRMTL established to act as a Special Purpose Vehicle to carry out the objectives of building, constructing and developing public transport system has proposed to develop the BRTS with private sector participation, officials stated.

The Corridor-I would be of 25 kms from Raipur Railway Station till Capitol Complex in Naya Raipur. The Corridor-III would be of 17.8 kms within Naya Raipur.

To facilitate BRTS operations, the NRMTL would provide depots and workshops to park and service the vehicles when not in use.

The operator would maintain 30 air conditioned buses at routes designated by NRMTL. If the fleet requirement is more , 10 more buses would be provided by the operator of similar specifications.

An ‘Intelligent Tracking System’ (ITS) would be established under the proposed Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in the new administrative capital.

Notably, Naya Raipur is among five other cities in the country chosen as ‘Demonstration Cities’ for the Centre’s ambitious Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP).

The final five cities participating as ‘Demonstration Cities’ under Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP) are – Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Mysore (Karnataka), Naya Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad (Maharashtra).

Detailed project profiles were prepared by all cities with the assistance of the SUTP Consultants and then endorsed by the SUTP Steering Committee to be included to SUTP as ‘City Demonstration Projects’, officials stated.

NRDA to cite an example is also going for an ‘Intelligent Rain Water Drainage System’ fixed with indicators to send alert before water logging or flood situation with option for automatic valve opening system, officials stated.

It plans of developing a project comprising IT-enabled systems to manage a host of utilities using state-of-art technology.

The design would comprise IT enabled land management system, city surveillance besides a host of other systems till now popular and being used only in the developed countries.

The other city management systems include intelligent lighting systems, pay and use parking systems, city guide map available through web browser, intelligent transport system, city level wi-fi touch screens across the city, display boards across the city for providing real-time information, emergency alert and crisis response systems, traffic re-routing applications based on real time traffic data.

The city would also have an Central Control Center for monitoring all the services including central traffic control and management system.

The Chhattisgarh government will encourage use of public transport by way of allowing more density along the public transport corridors which makes public transport financially sustainable and on the other hand, reduces the usage of personal vehicles in its new capital city.

The concept of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is being adopted to make Naya Raipur a sustainable city.

To construct bus shelters within walkable range from the sectors, to connect the sectors and BRT shelters with cycle tracks and walkways, to design the shelters with facilities of bicycle parking thereby reducing the emission of green house gases, congestion on roads and reducing accidents.

Notably, the NRDA has plans of developing a ‘Transport Hub’ spread over an area of 161.9 hectares in the new capital city.

The hub would include setting up Light Rail Transport System (LRTS) stations. The area being earmarked for the ‘Transport Hub’ would be 12.55 per cent of the total area of the new capital city, officials stated.

सरकारी कर्मियों को नया रायपुर में आवास आवंटन पर एक माह में लेना होगा आधिपत्य  .

नया रायपुर में शासकीय आवास आवंटित होने पर संबंधित अधिकारी-कर्मचारी को एक माह के भीतर उसका आधिपत्य लेना होगा। नहीं तो संबंधिज अधिकारी-कर्मचारी के गृहभाड़ा भत्ता की पात्रता समाप्त कर उसका भुगतान बंद कर दिया जाएगा। वित्त विभाग ने इस संबंध में सभी विभाग प्रमुखों, संभागीय कमिश्नरों व कलेक्टरों को पत्रिपत्र जारी किया है।

परिपत्र में कहा गया है कि नया रायपुर में निवासरत शासकीय सेवकों को गृहभाड़ा भत्ता स्वीकृत करने संबंधी निर्देश जारी किए गए हैं। ऐसे शासकीय सेवक जो रायपुर या नया रायपुर स्थित शासकीय कार्यालयों में कार्य करते हैं और नया रायपुर क्षेत्र की आवासीय कॉलोनियों में किराए का मकान लेकर निवास करते हैं, उन्हें भी मूल वेतन का तीस प्रतिशत गृहभाड़ा भत्ता या भवन का वास्तविक किराया जो भी कम हो, स्वीकृत किया जाएगा। लेकिन ऐसे कर्मचारियों को इसका शपथ पत्र अपने आहरण एवं संवितरण अधिकारी को देना होगा कि आवेदन देने के बाद भी नया रायपुर क्षेत्र में शासकीय आवास आवंटित नहीं किया गया है। शासकीय आवास आवंटित होने पर यह सुविधा समाप्त हो जाएगी। शपथ पत्र पर संबंधित कार्यालय द्वारा संपदा संचालक से पुष्टि कराने के बाद ही गृहभाड़ा भत्ता मंजूर किया जाएगा। राज्य शासन के ध्यान में यह लाया गया है कि कुछ मामलों में नया रायपुर में शासकीय आवास आवंटित होने पर संबंधित कर्मचारी द्वारा लंबे समय तक उसका आधिपत्य नहीं लिया जाता है। इसके फलस्वरूप शासकीय आवास आवंटित होते हुए भी कर्मचारी को गृहभाड़ा भत्ता का भुगतान करना पड़ता है। इसे देखते हुए राज्य सरकार ने यह निर्णय लिया है कि नया रायपुर में शासकीय आवास आवंटित होने पर संबंधिक कर्मचारी द्वारा उसका आधिपत्य एक माह में प्राप्त कर लिया जाए, अन्यथा उनके गृहभाड़ा भत्ता की पात्रता समाप्त कर उसका भुगतान बंद कर दिया जाएगा।

 

Source:http://www.waterandmegacities.org/a-visit-in-naya-raipur/

A Visit in Nayaraipur

Residential ZoneDuring my stay in Raipur the capital of the Indian state Chhattisgarh, I had the opportunity to visit the huge development project called Naya Raipur (New Raipur). In an area roughly extending over 8000ha and located 17 km to the south east of Raipur, the new capital of Chhattisgarh Naya Raipur is being constructed under the supervision of the Naya Raipur Development Authority. The decision towards a newly planned capital was made after the formation of the new state Chhattisgarh in 2000.

Residential Zone

The city is expected to provide an uncluttered, planned and pollution free future (as stated on www.nayaraipur.in). It is planned to house 450,000 people within a decade, which is half the population of Raipur (1 mil. Census 2011). To handle the expected growth in the future, the city is said to be easily extendable. Besides providing a location for the state government and administration, the new city should become a center and hub for education, finance, trade and industry with a “green” and efficient infrastructure. The “green” features include for example rain water harvesting and solar energy. This  ecological aspect should also be reflected in the cityscape and  it is planned that half of the cities area should be reserved for vegetation or infrastructure.

The ambitious plans seem to have caught the interest of another state government that is in need of a new capital. In the end of 2014 the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh Chandrababu Naidu visited Naya Raipur. After the Separation of Telangana including its former state capital Hyderabad from Andhra Pradesh, the government made plans to develop the new city Amaravati on the banks of the river Krishna. That also shows that new city development projects of huge proportions are actively conducted in India to address the problems that emerged and worsened during the growth of the big metropolitan areas like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Hyderabad.

making use of the free roads

The personal view I got from my visit in Naya Raipur was, that on the paper the whole project seemed to me like a city planners dream. When I arrived in New Raipur on a rainy afternoon, it was a very surreal experience for me. The city is in the mid construction phase, with a lot of the main infrastructure corridors up and running. The most obvious sign were the finished urban roads in the middle of seemingly endless rice fields. At a first glance the only users appeared to be water buffalos, standing in the middle of these roads, chewing and minding their own business. Like its neighbor Raipur, Naya Raipur has many lakes spread out over the development area. The lakes are already used for recreational purposes by the population of Raipur, especially by families on weekends. But also the local youth from Raipur is enjoying the freedom on the empty roads on their motor bikes, showing off with risky maneuvers.

Mahanadi Bhavan

Scattered on the area of the development project are isolated and futuristic looking buildings, like a governmental complex, a bus station, a police station and one of the residential zones. This residential zone looked finished, but still remains for the most part without inhabitants. To grant access for weaker social economic groups, it is planned that 10% of the residential area should be reserved for people with a lower income and 15% for Economical Weaker Section (EWS) housing in the form of social housing projects.In the planned city informality should be limited to specific zones, but in the residential zone it is already showing that informality follows the development. The city is still lacking regulated shopping opportunities for everyday needs of the inhabitants and informal vendors and shops are ready to cover that demand. If the development project can achieve its goal of an uncluttered, planned and pollution free future remains to be seen as time progresses.

 

Last but not least I would like to thank Manish Kumar Sinha, his Family and Friends for their hospitality which made my stay in Raipur special.

Residential Zone

Residential Zone

The dream of citizens to have their own house constructed in Naya Raipur would shortly be fulfilled. The Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) has decided to make available developed housing plots to the interested citizens for getting their houses constructed. Plots will be available with size 1500 to 3000 sqft and price range of Rs 1500 sqft. 

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