7.1 Economic Base
The main activity base of Naya Raipur would be the Government / State Capital functions. However, a diversification of economic activities is desirable which would be attained through the following activities:
i. Software Technology Park
ii. Gems and Jewellery and other similar industries
ii. Gems and Jewellery and other similar industries
iii. Business Offices
iv. Health, Education and Research services
v. Regional recreational activities
7.1.1 Workforce Participation Rate
The workforce participation rate as per 2001 census for Raipur city is 32.48% the same for Chandigarh is 37.8% and it is constantly increasing
It is generally observed that work participation ratio for new towns is higher as compared to existing old towns. With this in view for the Naya Raipur capital city a work participation ratio adopted for 2031 is 40 percent. With this work participation rate the total employment of the Naya Raipur works out to 222,950.
7.2 Occupational Pattern
Before projecting the occupational pattern for Naya Raipur, the trends for Raipur, Chandigarh and the proposals given in Delhi Master Plan 2001 have been studied
It appears from the distribution that while in Chandigarh 42.2% of the total work force was engaged in other services, the figures for Raipur and Delhi were 30.5% and 29% respectively. The Naya Raipur being essentially a service city, there would be more population in the service sector. A comparative analysis between the occupational pattern in Raipur, Chandigarh and Delhi indicates the dominance of the tertiary sector to the extent of more than 60% followed by the secondary sector
The Occupational Pattern of Raipur for the year 2001 indicates a rise in the secondary sector
Naya Raipur resembles Chandigarh in terms of its Capital city function. Hence, the occupational structure of the Naya Raipur has been based on the occupational pattern of Chandigarh
7.3 Employment Generation
Based on the adopted work participation ratio of 40% i.e. 222,950 jobs generated are distributed in use zones / activity zones.
A break-up of the employment generated in each sector has been worked out in the following table.
7.4 Work Areas
The following are the Major work areas in Naya Raipur
7.4.1 Government Functions
Naya Raipur being an administrative city with all the important Capital functions of the state would have a significant population employed in the Government sector.
The Capitol complex, Government Offices and the Civic corridor are the important employment generating activities.
7.4.2 Wholesale Trade
Naya Raipur on account of its strategic location, strong connectivity through the rail & road and proximity to the airport is destined to be an important wholesale trade centre/hub. The wholesale market shall be integrated with the Integrated Freight Complex for better facilitation and effective operation of the wholesale trade. The suggested land-use break-up for an Integrated Freight Complex has been given in Table
Integrated Freight Complex
A land parcel of 130.67 ha has been set aside for an integrated freight complex. The basic function of an integrated freight complex is to provide
i) Facilities for inter-city freight movement and interchange mode
ii) Warehousing & storage facilities to cater to sub-city level markets
iii) Servicing, lodging & boarding, idle parking and other required facilities
7.4.3 Retail Trade
The affordability and appreciating buying power of the people is bound to bring about a mammoth change in the economic structure of the Indian cities in the times to come. Shopping areas being the major hub of commercial activity reflect the economic status of the city and hence create an image of the city. It is important that the shopping areas provide for the day-to-day needs of the people and also cater to their specific needs through a range of services and facilities.
7.4.4 Proposed Hierarchy of trade and commerce areas
The following four-tier system of commercial activities has been adopted to accommodate the retail shopping facilities integrated with other services such as entertainment,business, etc.
7.4.5 Provision of Housing Area Centres/ Neighbourhood Shopping Centres and Community Centres
Housing Area Centres and Neighbourhood Shopping centres shall be indicated in the layout plans of the sectors. Community shopping and business complexes are located in the central facility- green corridor; four such units have been located.
7.4.6 City Centre / Central Business District The land parcel of 96.12 ha has been reserved for the CBD. The following table gives a break-up of
7.4.7 Light & Service Industries
A city also needs an industrial base. The Software technology park and light industries constitute the industrial sector of Naya Raipur. Raipur broad region would provide the skilled labour force required for the software technology park and the skilled, unskilled and semi-skilled labour required for the industries. Light flatted group industries shall be permitted in the mixed-use zone as well as the area demarcated for industries.
7.4.8 Composite Use Zone
Service industry and commercial activities would be permitted in the composite-use zone. Broad land utilisation pattern for the composite use zone is as given below.
7.4.9 Special Industry Zone (Software Technology Park)
The software technology park area designated as Special Industry zone will employ skilled and semiskilled workforce. The area shall also include a Gems and Jewellary park. Refer table 7.10 for breakup of the broad land use distribution.
The unorganised service providers normally set up their petty trade in the form of mobile shops or roadside kiosks near important commercial and business areas and residential sectors. It is proposed to integrate these in the city plan. This would be done by 1% reservation of net developed land in thefollowing activity areas for the informal sector:
8.1 Housing for Naya Raipur
Housing, besides being a very basic requirement for the new urban settlers, also holds the key toaccelerate the pace of development. Quality of housing in a new town is of utmost significance for overall quality of living in the town. It is an outcome of comfortable well-designed house with required essential facilities like parking, open spaces – play areas for children, passive recreation, basic education facilities, day to day shopping all located at a walking distance. All sections of society should avail all these facilities as an integral part of housing.
It is estimated that overall employment generation in the economy due to additional investment in the
housing/construction is eight times the direct employment (IIM-Ahmedabad Study, 2000).
The National Urban Housing & Habitat Policy 2005 asserts Housing as one of the basic necessities and aims at the creation of adequate housing stock; the Chhattisgarh State Housing Policy reaffirms the importance of Housing and aims at provision of Affordable Housing for All.
The Housing strategy for Naya Raipur thus aims at providing –
1. Comfortable housing for all coupled with quality physical and social infrastructure including recreational, educational and health facilities at convenient distances
2. Pedestrian movement based neighbourhoods.
8.2 Housing Requirement
8.2.1 Changing Socio-economic Profile and Housing – the Indian context
With the phenomenal rise in the emerging middle high-income group and a radical fall in the lowincome group by the year 2009-10 as per a study by the NCAER indicates fast changing face of the Indian economy, and appreciating buying power of the people, affordability of the common man is rising (Refer fig. 8.1). The emergence of Double-income earning families has a definite influence on the rising middle class.
With this fast changing face of the Indian economy, and appreciating buying power of the people, affordability of the common man is rising. Further, with the changing socio-economic scenario, it is evident that the prevalent rigid categorization of housing based on the income-groups holds no good.The emerging trend gives rise to the rationale demand for flexible housing options that are need based i.e., categorized on the basis of dwelling unit size rather than the income group. The emerging housing market is thus expected to be highly sensitive and subject to change. Taking into consideration our present cross section of income groups with large low-income households, we must take note of the positive signs with rising middle class.
8.2.2 Household size
8.2.3. Distribution of Households based on number of dwelling rooms
The distribution of households based on the dwelling unit size within the Raipur Municipal Corporation area indicates that almost 60% of the city’s population resides in one room or two room dwelling units. The emerging trend shows a considerable appreciation in the number of households occupying 3-4
rooms (Refer table 8.3).
A comparison with the dwelling unit size trends in Chandigarh over the past four decades indicates a significant rise in the number of dwelling units with 3-4 rooms and a small rise in number of dwelling units with 5-6 rooms.
Considering the increasing affordability and the emerging dwelling unit size trends in Chandigarh and the present day capital city of Raipur, the planning a far as the size of the dwelling units is concerned shall be kept flexible and market sensitive. However for the first 5 years of development (upto 2011),
the distribution of dwelling unit sizes would be as suggested below –
The housing size in the years to come shall however be determined by the market forces. The total number of dwelling units required with a household size of 4.5 works out being 123,860.
8.2.4. Housing Density
The new capital city of Chhattisgarh is envisioned as a medium-density development with a garden city character. A density of 250 persons per Ha has been considered appropriate for the residential areas thus accommodating 16,000 population in a typical sector of 800 x 800 m or 64 Ha. The residential
population of the new city includes the induced population along with the population of the Abadi areas. The total residing population is estimated as 5, 57,372 (Refer section 6.2)
8.3. Planning Approach
Naya Raipur has been divided into 21 sectors to accommodate the resident population. The residential sectors have been phased out to accommodate the population induced at each stage of development of the city. The development strategy would be to allot one whole sector or part of it to a developer – the Private developers or Co-operative Housing Societies, with the Government acting as a facilitator and regulator. Each sector shall be unique to be planned and designed by an eminent Architect / Town Planner.
8.4 Housing in Residential Sectors (Residential Use)
The 21 residential sectors proposed shall be planned as sustainable neighbourhood units with a gross density of 250 persons per Ha with an approximate population of 16,000 each. Each sector shall be planned to be self-sufficient to satisfy the day-to-day needs of its residents.
8.4.1. Typical Sector
The sectors shall be planned as building blocks of the city. Every such housing sector shall consist of three housing areas with a population of about 5,000 each and a shared facility core at the sector/ neighbourhood level in addition to the area level facilities. These housing areas shall be developed on the concept of graded mixing based on number of rooms. The principles of neighbourhood development listed below shall be followed in the planning of sector:
1. Neighbourhoods shall be compact and pedestrian friendly.
2. Many activities of daily living should occur within walking distance, allowing independence to those who do not drive especially the elderly and the young. Interconnected street network should be designed to encourage walking, reduce the number and length of automobile trips and conserve energy.
3. A broad range of housing types and price levels within each neighbourhood can effectively bring people from diverse ages, and incomes into daily interaction, strengthening the personal and civic ties essential to a well-knit community fabric.
4. Transit stops to be accessible through pedestrian paths /corridors permitting public transport to become a viable and popular choice to largely substitute the automobile.
Concentration of civic, institutional and commercial activity in the form of the facility cores should be well distributed at the neighbourhood level and area level for an equitable access.
8.4.2. Land utilization pattern within each neighbourhood / sector
Each sector whether developed by a developer or a government agency shall be planned with the following broad land utilization pattern.
8.4.3. Pedestrian friendly neighbourhoods
Accessibility to the urban activities in reasonable time on foot is a major factor that determines the scale of neighbourhood and the location of various facilities at the neighbourhood level. The residential sectors shall be so designed that they provide a conflict free access for the pedestrians.
8.4.4. Design Brief for Sector Development
The ratio of plotted development: apartments shall be 1:1.5. The following typology shall be adopted for the suggested dwelling unit sizes.
184.108.40.206. Size of dwelling units
The housing areas shall have a graded mix of various dwelling unit sizes. The indicative dwelling unit sizes in relation to the number of habitable rooms is given below –
220.127.116.11. Group Housing
Net housing density shall be upto maximum of 300 du/ha subject to sector level gross residential density of 250 pph with 15% variation on either side
Parking shall be provided at the rate of 1.67 ECS per 100 sq.m. floor area. The developer shall provide part of this total parking requirement as special off street parking lots. The cost of construction and maintenance could be included in the offsite infrastructure cost.
8.4.5. Urban Poor
Chhattisgarh continues to be an agricultural economy with a growing tertiary informal urban sector. It becomes essential that appropriate planning concepts be implemented taking into consideration the informal sector, its housing needs and provision of workplace close to their residences.
The Naya Raipur will however have almost 100% induced population. The development of the new Capital City characterized by a high level of construction activity will attract a significant number of construction workers. Providing suitable housing to the population is thus an important issue.
18.104.22.168 Incremental Housing
It shall be made mandatory on part of the developers that minimum 10% of dwelling units in each neighbourhood are reserved for incremental housing. The incremental housing shall be designed to be constructed depending upon the available resources and the increasing family needs and growing affordability. A low height high-density development is suggested for this housing type. Plot size for the incremental housing to be generally 6.0m in width and 9.0m in depth with mandatory front and rear setback of 1 metre/ 2 metre each and no side setbacks necessary. The permissible ground coverage shall be 65% and an FAR of
1.3 with the permissible number of 3 floors. In addition to the private backyard and front yard, the common cluster level spaces shall be with proper access to all.
22.214.171.124 Night Shelters
Night shelter shall be provided to fulfil the shelter needs of the houseless with basic facilities for sanitation. The night shelters shall be designed as per the modified guidelines laid down by the Scheme for Shelter & Sanitation Facilities for Footpath Dwellers. Night shelters to be provided in the Facility
Centres along the central corridor.
8.4.6 Informal sector
A number of essential services such as dhobi, cobbler, vegetable vendor, etc. are provided through the informal sector. Provision shall be made for all these activities on 1 % of the net residential land to be indicated in the layout.
8.4.7 Housing typologies
Each neighbourhood unit shall have a mix of housing types. The mix shall however be flexible and subject to alteration depending on the prevalent market trends. The neighbourhood unit shall provide for dwelling units in varying sizes, prices and types as given below –
1. Plotted Row housing
2. Plotted Housing with independent floors
3. Multi-family apartment housing
4. Plotted or semidetached houses
6. Service Apartments
8.5 Housing in other Areas
8.5.1 Housing for Private Employees
The objective behind the housing by the private employers is to facilitate investment in housing and improve the housing stock of the city in qualitative as well as in quantitative terms. The employers in turn get the advantage of an increased productivity form their employers due to improved quality of
living and retention of skilled staff.
The software technology firms can be allotted plots with well-defined work and residential areas for its employees. The private employers shall provide housing for a minimum of 25% of the total number of workers (skilled/unskilled) employed. The income range and the percentage of employees in each
category shall govern the composition of the housing stock (Refer table 8.15).
The area shall be designed to be equipped with all the facilities for a gross density of 250 persons per hectare.
The software park housing shall have a Lifestyle center consisting of:
1. The facility center shall include a recreational club with a swimming pool, indoor and outdoor
2. Home oriented stores
3. Books and music stores
4. Upscale apparel stores and
8.5.2 Housing in Commercial Areas
On account of the elevated land values in the commercial areas like the CBD and the composite-use zone, a high-density development is suggested. A density of 140 dwelling units per Ha or 630 persons per Ha is suggested for the residential development in the commercial areas.For educational, health and other facilities the population worked depends on the facility complexes along the north-south facility corridor.
8.5.3 VIP Housing
The VIP sector has been allocated for housing for VIPs comprising of the MLA hostel, residence for the ministers and senior officers. The VIP housing from the point of view of security shall be a low-density development (150 ppha).
8.5.4 Institutional Housing
The educational and research and other institutions shall provide housing for their employees. 25% of the land shall be utilized for housing for staff and students. In case of institutional plots of less than 8 Ha the housing should be 25% of the floor area. The institutional Housing shall comprise of hostels for the students and residential quarters for the staff and faculty. A residential density of 250 persons per Ha or 55 Households per Ha has been suggested for the institutional areas.
8.5.5 Existing Abadi Areas / Urban Villages
The village Abadi areas that fall within the Naya Raipur shall be declared urban villages (Refer table 6.11). Village expansion shall be as per the Village Development Scheme prepared as by NRDA. Also abadi of village Rakhi shall be relocated in a planned sector and village Khandwa shall be relocated in
the peripheral area only.
The urban villages provide workers for construction and industries. They also provide housing options to the migrants coming to the city for employment resulting in haphazard growth and illegal development.
In order to avoid the haphazard development, Layout Plan for each of the above villages shall be prepared and provision for basic infrastructure shall be made. In order to prevent the unauthorized construction and illegal practices from coming up in the villages, a stringent control over the activities and developments taking place within the villages to be kept. Any new construction coming up within the village settlement shall be subject to approval from the concerned local body.
8.6 Development Models
The proposed housing strategy for the Naya Raipur will be an approach where the overall land assembly with trunk infrastructure shall be provided by the government and private developers would undertake internal land development and housing construction. The individual house owner shall get housing loan
from banks or other financial institutions. Also there would be Self-build housing where the eventual occupiers purchase a plot and organize construction individually. A mix of “affordable” and “market-rate” housing in the same neighbourhood could be used as a tool to help provide a wider range of housing options than provides on its own.
8.6.1 Housing by Co-operative Group Housing Societies
The co-operative housing societies build housing on a no profit no loss basis thus saving on the developer’s profit and provide cheaper housing to its members. The members of the housing cooperatives are a group of like-minded people with a common socio-cultural background leading to a better cohesion in the housing society. Co-operative housing is an efficient means to providing affordable housing option to its members. Approximately 10% of the housing stock would be contributed by the CGHS.The minimum plot size allotted to each group housing society shall not be less than 4,000 sq.m. with a permissible ground coverage of 30%, permissible FAR of 1.3 and a maximum permissible height of 26 meters.
8.6.2 Public Private Partnership in housing
The private developers undertake the well-planned development of land based on the market demand that results in a market sensitive model. The Public Private Partnership model could be implemented where the government after acquiring land shall sell it to developers or allot it to group housing societies for further development. The private and public sector both have their respective strengths and weaknesses. In order to accelerate land development it is recommended that each sector is made responsible for which it has a comparative advantage. The private sector would be the main implementor, that is to say responsible for capital resource generation and the management of the implementation. The public authority would be the facilitator and “protector” of overall social objective of equity.
Guidelines for Private Developers
The private developer shall be selected based on the financial as well as the technical aspects. The offsite infrastructure would be the responsibility of the Government.
The private developers shall undertake the development of the residential sectors within the listed parameters –
a) The neighbourhood sectors shall be developed with a gross residential density of 250 persons per hectare for a sector with a flexibility of 15% on either side.
b) The private developers shall appoint renowned architects and planners for designing the housing sectors that are responsive to the market demand with total flexibility.
c) The private developer shall develop each sector adhering to the suggested neighbourhood density and land utilization pattern with a mix of plotted development and multi-family apartments.
d) The neighbourhood sectors shall be provided with adequate social infrastructure as per the adopted norms.
e) The housing area shall have a graded mix of housing based on the dwelling unit size and specifications.
f) The developers shall reserve not less than 10% of the dwelling units in each sector or neighbourhood to be developed as incremental housing. The reserved land complete with on site infrastructure shall be handed over to the local Governing Body for further management and disposal.
g) The detailed landscape and urban design guidelines shall be followed while planning the residential sectors. In case of certain categories of houses, maximum price and mode of allotment may be fixed by NRDA. Further details/conditions could be prescribed by NRDA.
Transport is highly significant in the planning and development of a new town. It provides accessibility to the spatially dispersed activities enables mobility of people and goods and integrates the different sectoral sub systems. Rational development of transport system is critical for the efficient functioning, environmental quality and sustainability of Naya Raipur. The transport system plan of Naya Raipur has been developed with the following Vision:
‘Mobility of all, affordable, equitable and safe’
The transport system plan is prepared in integration with the land use plan, interlinking activities, enabling high accessibility and smooth flow of people, vehicle and goods, enhancing mobility of all on an equitable and affordable basis.
9.2 Travel Demand Assessment
Naya Raipur is being planned for a population size of 5.6 lakh people. Travel demand on the transport network is assessed based on the adopted trip rates. The intra-city trip generation, by vehicular modes, is estimated with a per capita Trip Rate (PCTR) of 1.0 (including walk trips it would be about 1.35 to 1.5).
The inter-city trips moving on intra-city network system is assessed at 20% of the intra-city trips. The modal share is proposed as follows:
Private : 40%
Public Transport : 60%
Sub Modal Share
→ Bus : 50%
→ LRTS : 30%
→ IPT : 20%
Inter-city Trip on Intra-city Network
Private Modes incl. Walk : 50%
Public Transport : 50%
Sub Modal Share
→ Bus : 40%
→ LRTS : 40%
→ IPT : 20%
With the above rates, the travel demand in Naya Raipur will be as under:
9.3 Transport System Development Policy for Naya Raipur
The proposed Transport System for Naya Raipur comprises of the following components:
Regional Transport System
Sub-regional (NRDA) Transport system and
Naya Raipur City Transport system
9.3.1 Regional Transport System
The Regional Transport System includes:
Regional Road System is an important component of the Transport Policy for the new city of Naya Raipur. National Highways 6 and 43, running through the state of Chhattisgarh abut Naya Raipur. They provide connectivity to other parts of the state and the country. In particular they connect Naya Raipur with Raipur, Durg, Mahasamund, Dhamtari, Bilaspur and other important urban centers of the state.
126.96.36.199 Regional Expressways
The Master Plan for State Roads Development of Chhattisgarh has proposed two expressways as part of road development plan of the state in order to improve the accessibility of Naya Raipur from different parts of the State. They are:
a) Bhilai-Durg-Raipur-Mahasamund Expressway
b) Dhamtari-Raipur-Bilaspur Expressway
The above two expressways are to be constructed in due course of time. Detailed Project Report for Durg-Bhilai-Raipur expressway has been prepared. The above two expressways proposed to be developed along new alignments under BOT route, run parallel to the alignment of NH-6 and NH-43.
Naya Raipur shall be accessed from NH-6 and 43 and eventually from the expressways when they are constructed (Refer map 9.1). In the long term, it is proposed to develop the access points as grade separated interchanges. In the present instance due reservation of land for the interchanges is made.
Raipur is an important station on Mumbai-Kolkata route. Naya Raipur abuts Raipur-Vishakhapatnam rail line.
It is proposed to develop a new railway station along this line to serve Naya Raipur. Extensive land within the Transportation Hub (area – 161.8 Ha) has been reserved for railway use, including station complex, goods yards, depots and such other ancillary facilities. A land parcel of 130.67 Ha in area on the northern side, between the railway use and NH-6, has been reserved for Integrated Freight Complex. The land area on the southern side between the railway land and the east west 100 m road is proposed as a Transport Hub. It provides for inter-city bus terminal, intra-city bus terminal, LRTS station, IPT stand, parking facilities for private cars and all other related facilities for efficient collection, transport and
distribution of passengers.
Raipur-Dhamtari Rail Line
The closure of the Raipur-Dhamtari NG rail line, which runs to the southwest of Naya Raipur, is being contemplated. It is prudent to operate passenger service between Raipur, Naya Raipur and possibly up to Dhamtari along this line. For this purpose a rail station on the southern side of Naya Raipur has been
proposed. A reservation of 94.65 Ha has been made for ‘railway’ use. It also provides for development of an intra-city bus terminal and the LRTS terminal station in integration with the proposed railway station. Indian Railways need to be moved to develop the two railway stations and other related
188.8.131.52 Air Transport
Raipur airport is located between Raipur and Naya Raipur abutting the western edge of Naya Raipur. Presently it is a domestic airport with limited services connecting Delhi, Nagpur, Visakhapatnam, Chennai and Mumbai. It is expected that over a period of time, the airport will be expanded and
upgraded into an international airport. An extent of 1192.56 Ha of land has been zoned for ‘airport’ use to accommodate the future expansion needs. This land is outside Naya Raipur city area and lies in Layer II. It would enable extension of runway from the presently planned 1950 m to a length of 3810 m thus enabling the handling of aircrafts like Airbus 320, AB 380 and similar types. Presently the access from NH-6 to the airport is through VIP Road (Rajeev Gandhi Marg). It is proposed to connect the airport with the proposed expressway connecting Naya Raipur with NH-6 and further extend the same to be linked with NH-43 to facilitate easy access to airport from southern parts of the state and also provide alternate access in case of blockage of the regular access.
9.3.2 Sub-Regional (NRDA area) Transport System
The sub-regional transport system, covering NRDA area, mainly consists of the road network system. In Raipur District, apart from the two national highways, a state highway connects Raipur with Baloda Bazar. Another state highway on the southern side takes off from NH-43 at Abhanpur and connects to Rajim. From Rajim, a Major District Road (MDR) connects to Mahasamund on NH-6. The Master Plan for State Roads Development has proposed upgradation of Nawapara (on Raipur-Rajim SH) – Arang (on NH-6) road as a MDR. The Arang-Nawapara-Abhanpur road link connects NH-6 and NH-43 and will function as a bypass road for Naya Raipur. As part of sub-regional plan it is proposed to connect all the villages by an all-weather village road so that they are all connected to a higher order road either directly or through another village settlement.
9.3.3 Naya Raipur City Transport System
Intra-city transport system requires huge investment for their development, maintenance, operation and management. In terms of land use, ‘transportation’ accounts for 12.55 % (1005.77 Ha) of the gross area of Naya Raipur.
184.108.40.206 Road Network
The Road Network, which is the most important component of the city transport system, integrates three conceptual forms – linear, cruciform and grid thus providing a basic skeleton around which various activities are dispersed and interlinked. Naya Raipur road network extends over a total length of 117.86
km and accounts for 843.97 ha of land.
The envisaged hierarchy of roads, by right of way is as under (Refer map 9.2):
City Arterial Roads (100 m/60 m)
Intra-Sectoral Roads (24 m/18 m /12 m)
2. Road Link Identification
A unique numbering system is adopted to identify the links and nodes (intersections) of the road network system. All north-south roads are given alphabetical identification like AA, BB, CC roads, etc, starting from the west moving towards the east. All east west roads are given numbers like 11, 22, 33 etc. starting from the south and moving towards the north. With this all nodes (intersections) get an alpha-numeric identification like A1, B2, K13 etc. and the links in turn get identified by the node numbers at its ends like A1-A2, H3-H5, etc. (Refer map 9.3) for link and node identification.
3. Development Phasing
The road network is proposed to be developed in three phases as stated below:
The phase I shall establish the basic core network thus initiating the further development. The sequence of development would be generally from the basic core towards all directions with adjustment of priority developments (Refer map 17.2).
Phase II & III
The core network shall be further extended in all directions, as per requirement to complete the network.
1. Road Cross Sections
The road cross-sections provide ways for general traffic, exclusive ways for public mass transport (bus) system, pedestrian paths and ways, cycle tracks, utility corridors and green strip. The phase I cross – section details shall be as indicated in drawing 9.1 and 9.2. The major roads shall be free of service lanes so that no abutting property/activity gets a direct access from the main road. An internal road system linked to the main roads at defined locations shall provide access to all the activities
It is recommended that in the initial period, flexible pavement be constructed to allow for consolidation and settling of base. IRC Guidelines for the Design of Flexible Pavement (IRC:37-2001) and other relevant codes shall be followed. Cement concrete pavements may be constructed in the later phases
along roads that carry higher volumes of traffic.
All intersections shall be designed and developed as roundabouts. The diameter of the central rotary should be more than the carriageway widths of links meeting at the intersection. The roundabouts need to be landscaped. Different thematic motifs could be adopted for the different roundabouts representing the wide variety of flora and fauna of the state of Chhattisgarh. Maintenance of roundabouts could be enabled through participation by industrial and trade houses.
4. Geometric Design of Links and Nodes
The geometric design of all links and nodes to be carried out in accordance with the manuals and guidelines and in conformity with standards and specifications prescribed by the authorities and professional bodies like MoUD / MoRTH, GoI, Indian Roads Congress, Institute of Town Planners (India), Institute of Urban Transport (India), Bureau of Indian Standards.
5. Utility Lines
All utility lines (electricity, telephone, cable, water supply, sewerage, drainage, etc.) shall be laid below ground level. Ducts shall be provided along and across the roads to lay the utility lines. Major trunk (water/sewerage) lines are to be laid along the utility corridor.
6. Street Lighting
Street lighting needs to be of high quality. The light poles and other fixtures need to be aesthetically designed. Sodium vapour lights along city network system shall be provided. High intensity, high mast lights to be installed at intersections, bus stops and major pedestrian movement areas. The specifications
and guidelines prescribed by the Bureau of Indian Standards and/or other relevant Professional Institute to be followed.
Road drainage needs to be given close attention to enable quick runoff of surface water and prevent water logging. The road level shall be kept at least 0.5 to 1.0 m above the observed high flood level (HFL) at any location. The road drainage system of Naya Raipur needs shall be planned and designed as an integral part of the road network system planning and design. The Guidelines on Urban Drainage, IRC: SP-50 shall be followed.
To prevent unauthorized ribbon development along and control access to the city peripheral roads, it is recommended that fencing along the outer edge of the road right of way may be carried out. Also, the design of longitudinal drain along the edge of the roads may be availed to act as a barrier for such development/access.
9. Traffic Signs and Lane Markings
Traffic signs of different types, as prescribed in IRC: 67-2001 to be installed along the road network. Overhead gantry signs to be provided at suitable locations to guide traffic. Lane markings along the roads, at intersections and at all pedestrian crossings to be provided as per specifications and guidelines in IRC: 35-1997.
10. Pedestrian Paths
Pedestrians shall be given priority attention in detailing the transport system. The components include:
Pedestrian ways and corridor
Well-lit and smooth surfaced footpaths, of minimum 2.0 m width, on both sides of all roads shall be provided for. Interlocking tiles provide opportunity to create interesting and attractive designs.
Pedestrian ways are proposed along the ‘Green strip cum Utility corridor’ along the right of way of the major roads (100 m/60m). This shall be incorporated as part of the proposed landscape plan of the green strip.
A major ‘Pedestrian Corridor’ has been proposed from the southern end to the northern end along the‘Public facilities cum Green Corridor’ (Refer map 9.4). This corridor passes through the central park, the cultural complex and the CBD. It needs to be sensitively designed to make it attractive and safe. Its width may vary from 3m – 5 m and could be combined with cycle tracks. The proposed pedestrian corridor primarily runs along the green strips. However it needs to cross the major roads at a few locations. In the initial phases these crossings could be at grade with clear markings, adequate signage and good lighting. However in the long run, they need to be grade separated with convenience accorded to the pedestrians.
The detailed layout of residential sectors, envisages the concept of axial green strips, interlinking with the green strips of adjoining sectors that result in a large number of continuous green paths along the length and breadth of Naya Raipur. Pedestrian paths shall be included as a part of the landscape plan for
these green strips
In the preparation of detail plans of activity areas like CBD, Govt office Complex, Institutional areas, etc, pedestrian plazas shall be incorporated as part of the integrated design.
11. Cycle Tracks
Cycle Tracks, of minimum 3 m width, are to be included as part of the integrated design of the green and pedestrian corridors and ways.
Hoardings along the roads, which distract the attention of drivers and degrade the aesthetic quality, shall be strictly prohibited. At certain locations specially designed wall spaces may be provided for advertisement/information. Bus shelters shall be designed to provide for controlled advertisement space.
13. Public Conveniences and Dhalaos
Public conveniences and Dhalaos are provided generally in the ROW of roads. Apart from the need for good design and proper maintenance, they can also be major source of income generation by providing space for commercial advertisement. They shall be so located as to ensure that they do not adversely affect the geometrics of road system in terms of sight distance, obstruction, etc.
9.4 Public Mass Transport System
The economy of Naya Raipur is envisaged to be high. Proportion of middle and high income groups is expected to be higher than those observed in other cities. Hence motor vehicle ownership by households is estimated to be high, possibly nearer to 2 per household in the long range. The road network system is
planned and designed to enable efficient and safe movement of motorized traffic. However it is prudent to minimize usage of personalized modes, particularly for mandatory trips like work and education, by providing a highly attractive, convenient and efficient public mass transport system. The linear form of the city is conducive to public mass transport (LRTS). The grid iron form provides flexibility in provision of services (Buses & ITPs). It is important that a high quality public mass transport service, be operated from the earlier stages in order to mould the travel behaviour of the residents of Naya Raipur in favour of public transport.
The public mass transport of Naya Raipur would include:
A. Bus system (common carrier)
B. IPT modes and
C. Rail based LRT System
A. The Bus System
The bus system is the most important component of the proposed inter-modal city public transport system. In order to provide a high frequency service operation, the use of mini buses is recommended. The average load factor shall be limited to 0.7 by operating more buses for a high degree of comfort. CNG based or preferably, battery operated buses are recommended in order to maintain the environmental quality of the city.
1. Bus Depots
A requirement of 160 to 180 buses is estimated for the new city. Two depots, each of 2.5 Ha, are proposed in the service industry area.
2. Bus Terminals
Bus terminals are important to facilitate convenient interchange amongst modes and passengers. They are also prominent elements of the urbanscape providing orientation and identity. They need to be designed sensitively and managed efficiently.
i. Inter-City Bus Terminal
An inter-city bus terminal is proposed at the ‘Transport Hub’ area, on the northern side that helps integrate the rail station, intra-city bus terminal and IPT modes. An extent of 2 Ha for the terminal has been reserved for the same.
ii. Intra-city Bus Terminals
A total number of 5 nodal intra-city bus terminals have been proposed at the following locations –
1. Transport Hub in the north
2. Railway Station/University Area in
3. CBD (Central node)
4. Software Technology
Park/Exhibition Grounds in the west
5. Government offices area in the east
An area of 1 Ha has been reserved for intra-city bus terminals at each of these locations. The north, central and south nodal terminals shall be integrated with the proposed LRT system. These nodal terminals shall be planned and developed as multi-use complexes and their development and management shall be entrusted to the private sector, through BOT route, under the PPP model.
In all activity areas, the Local Area Plans (LAPs) shall make suitable provision for terminal facilities for the buses serving these areas.
3. Bus Routes
The flexible road network provides a variety of options for planning the bus route system. The nodes and residential as well as other activity areas shall have a ‘hub and spoke’ relationship where the nodes provide the direct services and the other activity areas provide subsidiary services to each other. The grid network enables planning of route services on random transfer basis.
4. Bus Ways
Exclusive bus ways shall be developed in a phased manner along the major road corridors (100m/60mrow).
5. Bus Stops
Bus stops need to be located providing easy access to a maximum number of people and activities. Bus stops along the proposed LRTS corridor to be located such that they integrate with the future LRTS stations.
6. Bus Recess/Bays
During the early phases when buses operate in mixed traffic, bus recess/bays shall be provided as per
7. Bus Shelters
Bus Shelters are important to provide convenience and shelter to bus passengers. They are also conspicuous elements in the streetscape and need to be designed and maintained well. The bus shelter designs need to be modern and also to incorporate the cultural themes and motifs of Chhattisgarh. Bus stops also need to include other facilities like telephone booth, drinking water, etc. Bus stops could be a source of resource generation to the operating system by incorporating space for commercial advertisement. With a common design, they may also be constructed and maintained by private parties under concession.
B. Intermediate Public Transport
Intermediate Public Transport modes are an important component of an urban public transport system. They bring in private sector initiative, investments and management with least cost to the public exchequer. In a city like Naya Raipur a large number of floating population for business and other purpose is expected. It is prudent to facilitate entry and operation of a good, technologically modern, energy efficient and environment friendly mode(s) to provide the much needed service. To facilitate the service, physical space for parking and other needs of the operators are to be provided as part of the Local Area Plans.
C. Rail Transit System,/
A rail based urban transit system, to be part of the Public Mass Transport System of Naya Raipur, has been proposed. It runs along the central axial corridor between the two inter-city rail station complexes (Refer map 9.5). The alignment interlinks a large number of activity areas with the residential areas. The system could be Light Rail Transit (LRTS) or mono-rail, to be selected based on detailed studies. The corridor length is about 15.5 km and shall have 12 intermediate stations. The system is proposed to run on elevated way. It will run underground for a short stretch to cross the City Park and 100 m east west central vista road. The rail based system plays an important role in enhancing the image of the city and providing high degree of accessibility and high quality service to the people. It would also help in promoting safety and enhancing environment quality of the city. The system could be made financially viable through a well designed public private partnership package. The city should raise the capital cost through a charge on land/floor space development. The
system would enhance the realty values and measures for value capture to be set in from the start itself. Given careful planning, design and operation with financial prudence and sound management, the urban rail based public mass transport systems could be viable. Naya Raipur is expected to be a technologically modern, world-class city. It is important that the public mass transport of the city is modern, efficient and attractive.
Demand for parking of private, public and commercial modes will be high in Naya Raipur and adequate provision shall be made to cater to the parking needs. A comprehensive Parking Policy needs to be formulated to address this demand. The components would include:
Parking Norms and Space Standards
Please refer section 220.127.116.11.
A policy of pricing all parking areas anywhere in the town needs to be adopted from the very beginning. Differential pricing, by use area and by hour of day, needs to be included. The objective of pricing is to regulate demand. However this policy needs to be supplemented by a good public transport service.
Municipalisation of Parking Areas
The concept of municipalisation of parking areas needs to be adopted. In CBD and other commercial areas major part of parking should be under public control and management. Compounding fee, in lieu of parking space, to be charged and public off street parking space developed out of the income generated.
An institutional arrangement needs to be established for the Management (Operation and maintenance) of parking spaces. It could be either a departmental unit, a special parking agency or outsourced to a private agency.
General Parking Areas
Generation of parking spaces in individual building units through building bylaws needs to be supplemented extensively by generation of public parking spaces in development areas. Special provisions shall be incorporated in the zoning regulations to mandate generation of parking areas as part of Area Development Plans. Area and use based norms to be framed in addition to floor space based norms. Parking solutions shall be more land area based rather than building space based.
Equitable access to all
The transport system plan aspires to provide equal and safe mobility to all. Hence, in accordance with this goal, the design of all roads and transport facilities shall be non-discriminative with respect to physically challenged persons. They shall be in accordance with “The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (No 1 of 1996)”, rules framed there under and other acts, rules and guidelines as relevant.
9.5 Phasing and Cost Estimation
9.5.1 Phasing of Transport System Development
Naya Raipur city transport system is proposed to be developed in three phases as under:
Phase I : 2006 – 2011
Phase II : 2011 – 2021
Phase III : 2021 – 2031
The phase wise development of the transport system is proposed as under:
10.1 Water Supply
Provision of safe, adequate water is a basic necessity for the healthy living of a community. In this section, demand of potable water in the New Capital City Area has been dealt with. On the basis of the total water demand in different design years, identification of the water source, requirement of treatment
plant, and storage reservoirs have been estimated. Presently, the area is rural with ponds, small reservoirs and canals. It is also dotted with small to very
large water tanks, which are used by the villagers for ablutions, washing cattle and for irrigation. The Mahanadi Main Canal that runs along the western bank of the river principally feeds the extensive canal network in the New Capital City region.
10.1.1 Water Supply Norms Prescribed By CPHEEO
The per capita domestic requirements as per norms prescribed by Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization (CPHEEO), Ministry of Urban Development, and Govt. of India are as under:
WATER SUPPLY NORMS FOR NAYA RAIPUR
Considering recommendations of CPHEEO Manual for Water Supply, Master Plan for Delhi 2001 and
Raipur Development Plan 2005, the following water supply norms have been adopted for the Naya
Residential areas 150 litres per capita per day
Commercial areas and Government Offices 70 litres per employee per day
Hotels 180 litres per bed per day
a. With beds more than 100 450 litres per bed per day
b. With beds less than 100 340 litres per bed per day
Institutional/ Industrial and Other areas 45,000 litres per hectare per day
Unaccounted Water 15% of total
Fire fighting demand 1% of total demand
10.1.2 Population Forecast
The population forecast for the years 2011, 2021 and 2031 have been shown in the table below:
10.1.3 Water Demand
Based on the above norms, the water demand for the Naya Raipur has been worked out. For Phase-wise
demand of water supply refer to table 10.3.
10.1.4 Water resources and availability
Following surface water resources are available in the area:
− Seonath River
− Mahanadi river
− Mahanadi Canal
Seonath River being seasonal is not considered as a dependable source.
Mahanadi River and Mahanadi Main Canal have perennial flow of water and are dependable sources.
− For the first phase requirement of water, Mahanadi Main Canal intake or Annicut construction
on Mahanadi River can be considered.
− For the water requirement in the second and the third phases, new barrage near Rajim may be
10.1.5 Water Treatment Plant
The canal water or water available from the proposed barrage on the Mahanadi River, after treatment, will be supplied to the city. The treatment will include screening, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection, the level of treatment depending on quality of available water and permissible drinking water quality standards as specified by CHPEEO or WHO. Table 10.4 gives capacity of water treatment at different phases of development. It is suggested to construct the Water Treatment Plant (WTP) in different modules. Based on availability of water, location of WTP can be arranged in such a way that the cost of distribution system would be the least. The best location for WTP considering the general topography of the area lies near upstream side (near Khandwa dam, South Side of Naya Raipur), which has a high elevation. (Refer map 10.1)
10.1.6 Water transmission, Storage Reservoirs, and Distribution
The proposed water transmission system (raw as well as treated) is proposed to be operated for 20 hours in a day. The MBR at WTP is proposed to be of 6 hour capacity where as the sumps at individual pumping stations are proposed to be of 4 hours duration. The total system basically consists of two
1. Conveyance of raw water from the source to the proposed water treatment plants:
The raw water is proposed to be conveyed from the source to the proposed WTP through pumping
main, by locating head work and pumping station at suitable location..
2. Water from WTP after proper treatment will be supplied to different zones, for which the following
two systems are required:
• Transmission system from WTP to Various storage reservoirs
• Distribution system for various zones.
As per ascetic and landscape profile of the City it is proposed to use underground storage reservoirs and from these Under-Ground Reservoirs (UGR), Booster Pumping Stations can supply the water to distribution network. The concept of providing UGRs and BPS is a recent one and is in use in many metropolitan cities. The system has some obvious merits over the Over-head Tank (OHT) system as discussed under:
i. Economical in cost, construction in easy, requires low capital investments as compared to OHT systems.
ii. Space requirement is less as compared to OHT systems.
iii. Booster pumps can maintain uniform pressure in the distribution system.
iv. Water main need not be designed for excessive residual pressure as compared to OHT system.
v. This system is free of visual obstructions.
vi. These systems are entirely dependent on electricity. In Chhattisgarh has good power availability.However, the treated water sump in WTP is proposed at higher elevation in order to achieve water supply to various nodal points (reservoir locations) under gravity, gravity flow to the extent possible. However, where the minimum terminal pressure can not be met, combined pumping station(s) are proposed to supply treated water to the area through a pumping network. The diameter of pipe lines range between 300 mm. to 1500 mm. DI-k9 type pipes are proposed for dia upto 1000 m & MS pipes are proposed for higher dia.
10.2 Sewerage System
10.2.1 Sewage Generation
The sewage generation is approximately assumed to be 80 % of total net water supply has been considered out of which water supplied for green areas, washing streets, Horticulture, Fire fighting would cover the ground water infiltration. Refer to table 10.6 for phase-wise sewage generation in Naya
Considering the topography, the project area is proposed to be divided into two drainage districts, southern zone & northern zone, each of which is proposed to have an independent sewer network, pumping station & sewage treatment plant. The overall sewerage system is proposed as follows:
This zone is proposed to cater for 60 % of the total sewage generated in the project area; one STP is to be located at the lowest spot of southern zone. The exact location shall be determined by NRDA after conducting a feasibility study.
This zone is proposed to cater for 40 % of the total sewage generated in the project area, with proposed STP located in the area marked ‘zone I’as it is the lowest spot in the southern zone. An intermediate sewage pumping station is proposed in the area marked ‘planning unit II’, which would pump the sewage of about 50% of the northern zone into the trunk sewer leading to the STP. The diameter of branch sewers, trunk sewers, interceptiong sewers & outfall range between 450 mm to 1800 mm & the material proposed is RCNPIII. The rising main proposed is of DI-k9 type.
10.2.2 Sewage Pumping Stations
For sewerage system, Sewage Pumping Stations (SPS) are required where depth of excavation go beyond 6.5 m, based on the Natural contour and investigation made on general topography intermediate pumping stations are required for efficient and economical considerations.
10.2.3 Sewage Treatment
Sewage Treatment shall be done through Sewage Treatment Plant. The treatment based on Activated Sludge Process to be adopted. Two STPs of total 155 MLD capacity are proposed for Naya Raipur. The STPs shall be developed in modules in three phases. (Refer table 10.8). One STP shall be located in the north and the other in the southern zone outside the city boundary. (Refer map 10.2).
10.2.4 Disposal Options
The treated effluent shall be utilized in any of the following uses so as to conserve and minimize the overall water requirement viz., Irrigation, Horticulture, Ground water recharge. Three alternatives for the disposal of treated effluent are suggested as follows:
ii. 50% down stream of Mahanadi Main canal running parallel and in the ridge line and 50% to
iii. Other alternative is to reuse water for irrigation purposes for the downstream area so that net water requirement for irrigation canal (Mahanadi Main Canal) can be reduced. This is best possible alternative for efficient use of wastewater.
iv. Sewage after proper treatment and disinfections (not generally used for sewage treatment but required for effluent discharge Standards and DBU ‘Designated Best Use’ of Mahanadi Main Canal point of view) can be discharged to Mahanadi Main Canal. The Sewage treatment will be such that quality of water in Mahanadi Main Canal and treated sewage may not differ so much. In this case, a Pumping Station will be required to pump the treated sewage to Mahanadi Main Canal at suitable location to be decided after detail investigations.
10.3 Storm Water Drainage
Storm runoff is that portion of precipitation, which drains over ground surface. Estimation of such run off reaching storm water drainage system is therefore dependant on intensity and duration of precipitation, which again depends upon status of development of the area, soil and topographical characteristics and time required to reach the disposal points from the farthest points.
Drains are generally aligned along the valley lines between ridges. Only when natural drainage is not possible, drains are taken across the valley. The curves developed on rainfall intensity versus time of concentration showing 2-year frequency, 5-year frequency 10 year frequency and 50 year frequency in
the new capital is shown in Fig 10.1.
10.3.1 Storm Water Drainage For New Capital City
10.3.1.1 Issues and observations
Generally, the main issues on Storm Water drainage of this region are:
i. Inadequate provision of storm water drainage system.
ii. Lack of maintenance of existing drains and nallahs etc.
iii. Development process not compatible with drainage pattern.
The project area is traversed by four major streams thereby dividing the entire area into four catchment zones. All these streams are proposed to be preserved by carrying out rehabilitation/ improvements etc. All the proposed road side drains are proposed to convey the run off generated from the corresponding road and ultimately discharge the same into the corresponding nallahs / streams. Hence the proposed storm water drainage system for project area consists basically of two systems i.e.
i. Construction of Road side drains,
ii. Improvement or rehabilitation of existing Natural streams channels /nallahs.
• Road side Drains:
It is proposed to provide drains on both sides of the roads. Table 10.9 gives the length of various types of Roads suggested for New Capital city of Chhattisgarh. The storm water roads drains should as per guidelines mention in previous section. (Refer map 10.3).Rectangular concrete drains are proposed on either side of the road.
• Improvement of natural streams:
By the development of urban area, the coefficient of runoff will increase; hence, the existing section of streams will not be sufficient to cater the increased runoff resulting form Rainfall of selected frequency of occurrence. It is suggested to rehabilitate the existing drainage channel of new capital city of Chhattisgarh. 5 years Maximum rainfall intensity should be taken for design of system, similar to cities of international standards. Additionally cross drainage works are proposed at the road crossings.
The following policies are to be adopted:
i. Develop a storm water management system that manages the quality and quantity of storm water runoff of the region avoiding any water logging in the area.
ii. Recognize the need for public ownership and operation of storm water management practices such as rainwater harvesting.
iii. Prepare and adopt erosion and sediment control guidelines of the region.
10.3.2 Rain-Water Harvesting
Special emphasis is to be given to rainwater harvesting, in urban areas. Appropriate methods for recharging the ground water should be considered and adopted. Roof top rainwater harvesting at the individual as well as community level shall also be considered. Rain water storage, into dug up or natural lakes/ depressions, from the storm water drainage system shall be proposed, which will also help in environmental improvement as well as recreational uses.
10.3.2.1 Rain Water Harvesting for New Capital City
The principle of rainwater harvesting is to conserve and use precipitation in the same area where it occurs for greater ground water recharge and later use. The methods are site specific and may depend upon local conditions like check dams, roof top collection, aquifers recharge, storage in soil profile, creation of small basins in rural areas, contour binding, percolation tanks etc. due to urbanization in cities, the paved / impervious areas get increased resulting in reduced ground water recharge. Fig 10.2 shows common methods of Rainwater harvesting, which can be used in Naya Raipur. Rain Water Harvesting is mandatory at individual development level.
10.3.2.2 Storage Of Rainwater:
This can be achieved by following small-scale measures:
i. Recharge Pits for recharging the aquifers. These are generally 1 m wide and 2 to 3 m deep back filled with boulders, gravels and coarse sand.
ii. Trenches: Usually constructed when permeable strata are available at shallow depths. Trenches may be 0.5 m to 1 m wide and 1 to 1.5 m deep, 10 to 15 m long depending upon availability of water. These are back filled with filter material.
iii. Dug Wells: Existing dug wells can be utilized as recharge structures and water made to pass through filter media before putting into dug wells.
iv. Recharge wells: Recharge wells of 100 mm to 300 mm diameter are constructed for recharging the deeper aquifers and water is passed through filter media to avoid chock age of recharge well.
v. Roof top rain water: In big cities, roof top rainwater recharge has been recommended. Local authorities, communities need to be encouraged, can take up all these methods. Considering only 100 sqkm of area water harvesting and assuming average rainfall 1000 mm and assuming only 40 % average runoff to be retained by soil, the quantity of water that can possible be recharged may be around 40 Mcum.
10.4 Solid Waste Management
10.4.1 Estimated Solid Waste Generation in Naya Raipur
The quantity of the solid-wastes generated is an indicator to the development and the character of city. More the city is developed, more the generation of the wastes. Again, the predominance of the industrial and commercial Land use in the city increases its generation. By comparing the per Capita generation of different world class and Indian cities the following norm have been suggested for generation of solid waste:
• Residential sectors : @ 600 gm per Capita per day
• Commercial areas : @ 600 gm per employee per day
• Hospitals and Hotels : @ 600 bm per bed per day
• Other areas : @ 27 kg per ha per day
The total solid waste generation has been given in Table 10.10.
10.4.2 Methods Of Disposal
There are several Municipal Refuse Disposal method are in uses in various cities throughout world.
Some of the methods are listed below:
• Sanitary Landfill
• Central Incineration
• On site Incineration
• Grinding Food Wastes
10.4.3 Solid Waste Mamagement System For Naya Raipur City
Depending upon the socio-economic condition, usual practices and availability of fund the selection of disposal methods are to be made judiciously. Considering the local condition of Raipur and the proposed Naya Raipur, the proposal is the combination of the following disposal methods:
• Sanitary Landfill
10.4.4 Solid Waste Collection System
The daily-generated solid wastes from residential, institutional sources and from commercial areas are to be collected through by the appointed contractor of Welfare Society. The residents, commercial and institutionalises will be charged the market rate for it. The contractor of the Welfare Society will deposit
the solid wastes to the covered waste collection containers having suitable working and pneumatic container lifting arrangements so that the containers may be employed conveniently on the trucks.
There will be covered container at 500 m distance on the roadside. The container will have two chambers one for recyclable material to be dropped and other for all organic and compost materials.
The sorting of the solid waste can be done by the contractor. The sorters are to be provided with hand gloves, shocks and dress so that their health could be protected. In fact, the contract conditions are to be made considering this condition.
The Consultant recommends a 75 T capacity compost plant and 7.5 acre area for dumping ground for phase I. The total area required for dumping ground is 22 acre. Two dumping grounds of 4.5 ha each are proposed at the north-eastern and south-eastern sides of the city in the peripheral area, at a distance of 5
Km from the city boundary. (Refer map 10.4).
10.4.5 Other Management Measures
The following activity needs to be considered:
• Providing covered dust-bins/garbage collector in convenient position.
• Coordinate with government and semi-governmental agencies, railways, industrial establishment and institutions to finalize a programme for efficient removal and reduction of solid waste from roadsides and drains.
• Encourage recycling of newspaper, aluminium cans, glass bottles and plastics through private participation.
• Hazardous wastes and bio-medical wastes should be disposed off separately; establish one centralized incinerator for disposal of all biological waste materials generated from various hospitals.
• Enforce use of hand gloves, shoes and safety dress for all waste collectors and sorters to ensure health.
• Provide modern trucks capable of using hydraulic lifting as well as safe garbage containers.
• Increase public awareness of the benefit of living a clean and health life by proper management of solid wastes for persuading them to bear the cost of such services.
• Encourage the CBO’s to promote use of biodegradable waste bags and dumping waste only in garbage containers and training the inhabitants the hygienic method of putting the waste bags.
• Intensive program of tree plantation on the disposal areas to be undertaken after the site is filled up.
Naya Raipur city for 5.6 lakh population is proposed to be developed in three phases. The estimated power requirement by the completion of phase III will be 565 MVA. The calculation is based on :
Average Power Demand of 2 KW per household
Rate of growth of Power demand @ 6.49 % per annum
Power Factor – 0.9
Plant/Substation Load Factor – 0.8
Diversity Factor – 0.6
10.5.1 Development of Power Supply in Phase-I
The estimated power requirement in this phase will be 95 MVA. The power demand can be met by importing power at 33kV voltage level from the nearby sources. 5 nos. 33/11kV substations of capacity 20MVA are to be built in or around the town.
10.5.2 Development of Power Supply in Phase-II
The estimated power requirement for this phase will be 130 MVA. The demand of the already developed Phase-I of the city will increase by 61MVA by the end of completion of Phase-II. The total increase of load by the end of completion Phase-II will be 191 MVA. Total load at the end of Phase-II development will be 286MVA.
It is proposed to build a dedicated 132/33 kV grid substation of capacity 200MVA for the proposed city. Power at 132 kV from National Grid/Chhattisgarh Electricity Board grid will be received at the grid substation and stepped down to 33kV which will further be transmitted to various Sector substations (33/11 kV). 10 number of 33/11kV substations in addition to the already built 5 number in Phase –I will have to be built to cater this increase of load.
10.5.3 Development of Power Supply in Phase-III
The estimated power requirement in this phase will be 155 MVA. The demand of the already developed Phase-I and Phase -II of the city will increase by 124MVA by the end of completion of Phase-III. The total increase of load by the end of completion Phase-III will be 279 MVA. Total load at the end of Phase-III development will be 565MVA.
14 numbers of 33/11kV substations in addition to the already built 15 numbers in Phase –I and Phase-II will have to be built to cater this increase of load.
Therefore the total estimated requirement for the completely developed city will be 565 MVA. Two more 132/33kV grid substation in addition to the one already built Phase-II will have to be built in this Phase of development.
10.5.5 General Recommendations for setting up modern Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution system
The following steps are recommended for improvement in Transmission and Distribution of Power Supply.
i. Power supply for up to 33 kV voltage should be taken through underground distribution system. The cables can be taken through underground duct or simply buried in the ground.
ii. The Proposed Grid stations should preferably be built around outskirts of the city. Power supply at 132kV or above voltage level can be taken through overhead system.
iii. To ensure minimum interruption of Power Supply, 11kV underground distribution system can be connected in Ring Main. It will ensure alternate source of power supply for all substations connected to the Ring Main.
iv. Wherever it is necessary to use overhead transmission (Outside city limit), LT Arial Bunch cables can be used to check power theft.
v. 11/0.433kV substations can be indoor or outdoor type.
vi. Wherever there is space constraints in congested areas, Modern compact packaged outdoor
substations can be used. This type of modern outdoor substation contains Transformer, RMU,
Capacitor and all the Switchgear arrangement in a single compartment. Space requirement for this
type of substation is only 5m x 5m x 4m.
vii. The main receiving stations (Grid Stations) should have the SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) facility to ensure on line monitoring and control of power supply. All substations and distribution stations will be interconnected with controlling stations by using modern methods e.g. Fibre optics. viii.As far as the usage of power is concerned, it is proposed to use energy efficient electrical light fittings and lamps e.g. low power ballasts, low consumption high power luminaries, lux level limiters and timers for street lighting etc. Non-conventional source of energy e.g. solar heaters are
proposed for heating. High masts will be used at road junctions, stadiums, transport hubs, parks and for area lighting. All consumers domestic, commercial, government organisations will be metered.
Modern communication system will be provided for internal as well as external communication. Modern state-of-the-art digital exchanges in requisite numbers are envisaged for providing STD/ISD/Internet facilities. As per present practice, electronic exchanges with 40,000 lines per exchange are proposed to be installed in requisite numbers. A dedicated exchange will be provided in the Capitol Complex. Fibre optic cables will be used instead of conventional telecom cables. The network shall be designed to provide full access to VSAT/satellite communications and also the ISDN facilities. All the consumers could have plug-in type telephones. The telephone and electric cables will be laid in the same corridor. It will be ensured that adequate vertical and horizontal separation between telephone and electric cable is maintained. Extensive network of cellular phones is also envisaged.
The development of sustainable social infrastructure is the basic requirement for providing quality life; social infrastructure has a significant role in promoting growth and competitiveness in the economy. Appropriate provision of social infrastructure will have a direct bearing in improving the various social
indicators, thus fulfilling the vision of Naya Raipur (Refer map 11.1).
The social infrastructure includes:
5. Socio-cultural Facilities
6. Distributive Services
7. Other facilities and services
11.2 City Structure for the Provision of Social Infrastructure
Following hierarchical city structure has been worked out for the provision of social infrastructure. The city has been divided into four planning units/communities of 100,000 to 150,000 population each to provide for a proper and equitable distribution of facilities (Refer map 11.2). In the foregoing paragraphs, space provisions required for different social infrastructure are quantified. The NRDA shall make best efforts to provide the prescribed space and promote the facilities.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well being. The objective is to attain the same for the population of Naya Raipur city. For appropriate distribution and availability of health facilities, the UDPFI guidelines suggest the norm
of 5 beds per 1,000 population. However as the health facilities are most likely to attract population from the region, the facilities are provided at 6 beds per 1,000 population (Refer table 112).Besides all the above facilities a medical college cum hospital (500 beds) for 5-lakh population with an
area of 15 Ha is envisaged in the institutional and research complex.
Note: Within the quantum of space provided for overall health facility, the NRDA may vary the category of facilities within a particular level of provision.
For the provision of education facilities the objective is:
i. To provide primary, higher secondary schools education to 100% children of the age group 6 to 18 yrs.
ii. To provide integrated school with and without hostel facilities to be developed as public and other similar schools.
iii. To provide school for the mentally and physically disadvantaged.
iv. To provide higher education facilities for at least 3% of the total population or for about 30% of the age group 18 to 24 yrs.
11.4.1 Primary Education
11.4.2 Higher Education
The above area requirements are indicative. Actual area allocation will depend upon proposal and NRDA’s discretion.
The University would include colleges/institutions for new subjects like Information Technology, Biotechnology, Communication and also Culture and Fine Arts and other professional courses including Engineering and Medicine. The institutes in the institutional area and the University would have facilities for continuing education.
11.4.3 Vocational Education
Urban communities are comparatively anonymous and depend on police for security. The prescribed norms for police are as under: Six Police stations have been provided in the city, four in facility complexes in the Facility Corridor, one in the industrial area and one in the exhibition area.
Apart from the above Police Headquarters are provided at the Capitol Complex. Police Academy and Training Centre have also been provided at the North End of the City.
Fire Services are needed for protecting people from fire hazards, building collapses, and other unforeseen emergencies. The following norms are prescribed for the provision of fire stations:
The following Guidelines are to be followed for locating the Fire Stations –
Guidelines for setting up fire stations
1. Fire stations are located so that the fire engines are able to reach the disaster site within 3-5 minutes.
2. Fire Stations shall be located on main roads with minimum two entries.
3. The concept of under ground pipelines on the periphery of the sector, exclusively for fire fighting services to be provided
4. All major complexes and multi-storied buildings to have the plans sanction from the fire department.
11.7 Disaster Management Centre
Naya Raipur is generally not prone to any natural disaster, but disasters can be man made and highly unpredictable; hence it is important to have a disaster management centre for crisis conditions. A Disaster Management Centre has been proposed in Naya Raipur with suitable open area (2 ha). This centre would accommodate the City level Fire Station with its head offices and Trauma Centre for coordination at the time of emergencies and safe parking. The Trauma Centre should be on 1 hectare of land and have a minimum of 100 beds. This would be linked with lower order Trauma Centres to be provided in selected hospitals.
The Post, telephone and the Internet are the major components to be provided for the communication network.
11.8.1 Postal Facility
Telecommunication is vital to the day to day functioning and an efficient telecommunication network ensures better efficiency. Naya Raipur shall be provided with a hi-tech communication system for internal as well as external communication. Modern digital exchanges to be provided for STD/ISD/Internet facilities.
The following norms have to be adopted for the provision of Telephone Exchanges.
11.9 Socio – Cultural Facilities
An efficient distribution system to fulfil the day-to-day needs of the citizens is necessary even at the smallest planning unit level of the city. The distributive services include milk, fruits, vegetables, LPG, petrol, etc.
11.11.1 Cremation / Burial Ground
Two cremation ground and burial ground in an area of 2 Ha each are provided outside the city in the Peripheral Region – one each in the North and the South.
11.11.2 Grouping of Social Infrastructure at the Community Level
The common facilities serving a population of 1 to 1.5 lakh have been provided in the central green spine and facilities corridor. The common facilities have been further grouped into health, education, commercial and sports & cultural complexes and with 30% extra area to account for internal roads and common parking, shopping and other common facilities. (Refer table 11.15). Four of these community facility complexes are provided in the Central Facility Corridor (Refer map 11.5).
Recreational areas and open spaces are integral to the garden city image of Naya Raipur. Recreation consists of diverse activities including parks, play areas; other passive and active recreation. Recreation facilities are to be so developed as to cater to all age groups with varying needs as also regional,
recreational activity like jungle safari, golf course. Quality recreational spaces in the capital city have been provided at different hierarchical levels for enhancing the quality of life and environment in the city.
12.2 Parks and Play areas (as part of residential use zone)
The lower level parks and play areas shall be provided when the sector- or neighbourhood-level layout plans are prepared. These would be based on the following norms:
• Tot-lots @ 0.5 sq. m. per person; on total population
• Park @ 3.0 sq.m. per person; on total population
• Play areas @ 1.5 sq. m. per person, on total population.
The above facilities shall be provided as following in 3 levels of hierarchy:
12.3 Parks and Play areas (at Community level and above)
At Community level (1 lakh), parks and play areas shall be as under:
• Community level park 4 ha
• Community level Sports Centre 8 ha
There shall be continuous recreational green corridor from north to south touching the network of recreational, social infrastructure.
12.4 Provision of recreational spaces at the City-level
The garden city image of Naya Raipur is reflected through the sizeable area allocated for open spaces at the city level that adds up to 26.67 % of the total city area. Parks and open spaces are valuable resources to the community and play an important role in defining the character and lifestyle of the City’s
residents. A systematic distribution of recreational and open spaces has been worked for an equitable access and proper division throughout City as given in table 12.2 (Refer map 12.1).
The city and regional level parks are provided at the four ends of the city integrating the water bodies with the general landscape. The existing plantations and water bodies have been preserved and integrated with the green spine and open spaces connecting the different sub-city level facilities.
12.5 Sports Facilities
Sports are an important recreational facility that contributes towards the physical and mental development of the citizens. The plan emphasises the development of play and sports areas for all age groups in the form of parks, playgrounds, stadium and sports complex.
The norms for sports facilities are as under:
12.6 Green Belt
A 500-meter wide belt all along the city has been marked as green belt. This shall remain in agricultural use. In due course of time, the resources permitting, the area could be afforested. Refer map 16.2 for extent of Green Belt around the new city.
Any new development has some or the other impact on the environment. Naya Raipur will grow with time and the increasing population will create pressure on the natural resources. Conservation of natural resources in the settlement is of utmost importance to make it sustainable. Therefore the concept of environmental management is incorporated in the planning process from the very beginning. Following points are significant for proper management of environment in Naya Raipur.
13.2.1 Surface water
Naya Raipur is dotted with a large number of water bodies. The total area under natural water bodies is 233.71 Ha. The Naya Raipur has three major water bodies that have been integrated in the city plan. The other smaller water bodies shall be integrated in the sector layout (Refer map 13.1). Apart from these,
there are a number of natural drainage channels and nallahs flowing across the city. As a part of the conservation policy, the major water bodies and other environmentally sensitive areas in the city shall be conserved. Following points should be taken care of:
A minimum buffer of 20 meters on either side of the canals and streams and 50 m around the water bodies shall be a no development zone in order to prevent pollution and conserve the natural water shed of the water body.
100 meters area all along the Mahanadi canal shall be reserved as green without allowing any development or construction activity.
No untreated water should be let out in the water bodies.
13.2.2 Ground water
The depth of ground water table varies from 5 to 12.5 m bgl in the area. Following measures should be taken to maintain the quality and quantity of ground water.
Construction of wells, bore wells, tube wells, etc. should be restricted with permission from the concerned agency.
Water harvesting to be practised on a large scale to maintain the level of ground water.
Effluent should be properly treated before letting the same on vacant land to avoid seepage and contamination.
80% of the total water consumption goes as sewerage. Sewage to be treated to the standards as prescribed by the Central/State Water Pollution Control Boards. Efforts should be made for re-use of water for irrigation.
Roadside drains to be provided and the same to be managed in clean condition.
The water from these drains should be recycled and reused.
The major natural drainage channels not to be disturbed.
13.5 Solid Waste
An effective solid waste management system is necessary for maintaining the health and hygiene within a city. The important points to be considered are as under
Waste segregation should be practiced at household and community level.
Dustbins should be provided at appropriate locations.
Regular collection should be done by the competent authority
The site for waste disposal should be properly and scientifically selected so that no contaminants percolate into the ground water, river or lake.
Hazardous waste and bio-medical waste should be disposed off separately.
Waste disposal areas should be planned down-wind of villages and townships.
The pattern of filling disposal site should be planned to create better landscape and be approved by appropriate agency and the appropriately pre-treated solid wastes should be disposed according to the approved plan.
Intensive programs of tree plantation on disposal areas should be undertaken.
13.6 Air Pollution
The setting up of Naya Raipur in the rural settings of the Raipur district is bound to have an impact on the air quality during the implementation phase as well as in the post implementation phase of the project. The construction activity results in a high concentration of SPM in the air. The vehicular
emission in a city results in the concentration of NOx, CO, SO2, HC. A rail based transit system is proposed which will reduce the movement of autos within and outside the residential and other areas.
The environmental policy of the city aims towards maintaining the air quality at the lowest possible levels through following steps:
Minimising the vehicular traffic through the introduction of integrated multi-modal transport system.
Green buffers to attenuate the pollution effects.
Mass transit system has been proposed for the new city in order to reduce the vehicular emissions to a large extent.
The city wide pedestrian paths that have been incorporated in the design would also help discourage the use of vehicles over short distances.
Controlling fuel quality (including switching to cleaner fuels and improving the quality of fuels to reduce emissions).
The major sources of noise are –
To reduce the noise level, the arterial roads are designed to have 2 to 3 rows of plantation and also there could be additional rows of plantation as part of the development. The light industry zone and freight complex in general are located in the flight path.
13.8 Energy Conservation
The physical planning policy aims at achieving a sustainable growth through energy conservation and optimum utilization of the natural energy resources.
Energy conservation shall be encouraged through community and site planning, design, and the use of energy-efficient materials and landscaping. When development applications are reviewed, consideration shall be given to energy conservation measures such as the solar orientation of buildings, use of landscaping and building materials.
Energy conservation and efficiency shall be encouraged in all facilities owned and operated by the City.
Renewable sources of energy shall be promoted to reduce pressure from the conventional sources of power.
Solar energy to meet some of its energy requirements. Electrically run vehicles could be introduced within the sectors. The road signals could run through solar energy.
13.9 Environmental Policy and Legal Issues
Project and project area will be under the purview of water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974; Air (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act 1981, the Environment (projection) Act 1986 via Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Boards (CECB), (State Pollution Control Boards) newly established for Chattisgarh to implement and enforce the national standards for effluents, water quality, ambient air quality and ambient noise level. Further, the project will be under the purview of the guidelines of CPCB formulated for municipal waste generation as Municipal waste (Management and Handling) Rules 1999; Hospital Waste Generation as Bio-medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 1998.
14.1 General Introduction
Around the proposed Naya Raipur city area, 130.28 sq. km. area is identified as peripheral area to act as buffer zone between the proposed Naya Raipur city and the existing Raipur. This area would generally remain rural / agricultural.
The Jurisdiction of Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) forms the outer boundary of the Peripheral Region that comprises twenty-six revenue villages. The overall population of the peripheral area:
14.3 Planning Approach
The settlements falling in the peripheral region have been classified based on the CFI (Cumulative Facility Index) and have been categorized in the following hierarchy (refer annexe I for CFI calculations).
The following hierarchy of settlements has been followed –
1. Basic Village
2. Central Village and
3. Zonal Village
The CFI has been computed for each village based on the availability of
1. Educational facilities
2. Health facilities
3. Drinking water
5. Bus & Railway connectivity
6. Bank facility and
7. Connectivity by paved road
In order to avoid the dependence of the peripheral region on Naya Raipur, the villages shall be provided with the entire basic infrastructure and services.
14.4 Population Distribution
The CAGR for 1991-2001 that works out to be 1.78% and has been adopted as the overall growth rate for the peripheral region. This population has been further distributed over three zones (refer table 14.4) and projected based on the percentage break-up for the year 2001.
The housing requirement for the peripheral region by the horizon year 2031 is as follows –
All the basic villages to be connected to the Central village by a village road. The Central villages would be connected to the Zonal village by paved roads. This would require upgradation of roads.
14.7 Physical Infrastructure
14.7.1 Water Supply
18.104.22.168 Existing scenario
Most of the villages in NRPR are situated near ponds and lie in the command area of Mahanadi main canal and Abhanpur branch canal. The yield of hand pumps in this area varies from 6-10 KLPD on an average. Banarsi, Umariya and Kurru have tap water supple. The villagers at present get a water supply of about 35- 45 LPCD through individual hand pumps.
22.214.171.124 Norms for water supply
The norm of one-hand pump or spot source for every 50 persons as suggested by Planning Commission Govt. of India in five year plan (2002-2007) would be adopted. Based on the norm the NRPR would require 1824 hand pumps by 2031.
14.7.2 Rural Sanitation
126.96.36.199 Existing scenario
The peripheral villages of NRPR do not have proper sanitation facility. Most of the rural population use open lands for defecation, which leads to ground water contamination and poses health hazards. Programmes for low cost rural sanitation schemes where sewerage system is not viable both technically and financially need to be drawn for 100% coverage. Sullage water in rural areas may be collected and conveyed through open drains to oxidation ponds for treatment.
188.8.131.52 Technology options
The possible disposal systems, under low cost sanitation programme, are:
1. Dry Latrine with double pits
2. Sanitary Latrine
3. Aqua Privy
4. Septic Tank
14.7.3 Solid Waste Management
184.108.40.206 Existing Scenario
At present there is no facility for the disposal of solid wastes. Currently, solid waste generation per person in the peripheral region is low, as lot of waste is unaccounted for as it is not collected or kept on road side and allowed to be spread in open lands or discharged through open storm water drains.
220.127.116.11 Projected solid waste generation
Quantities of solid waste likely to be generated in the peripheral region in the years have been projected for the years 2011, 2021 and 2031 as follows:
18.104.22.168 Providing Modern Land Fill Areas:
A tentative estimate for landfill area required for dumping of solid waste for next 30 years is as below:
Two landfill sites, one in each zone as per the requirements computed in table are required to be identified in the NRPR. For this a private agency may be appointed or assistance of NGO may be taken under self-financing programme.
14.8 Social Infrastructure
The social infrastructure comprises of education, health, recreational and various other facilities. The section deals with education and health facility.
The objective of this section is to formulate a balanced distribution of education and health facility by improving access to these facilities.
14.8.1 Health Facilities
The norms adopted for Health Infrastructure are as follows –
14.8.2 Educational Facilities
Following are the norms adopted for educational infrastructure
The peripheral region presently has 34 primary schools, 18 middle schools, 3 secondary and senior secondary schools and 1 college. The existing middle schools could be upgraded to the higher secondary level rather than constructing new schools.
14.9 Other Facilities
Every Zonal village shall have a facility centre comprising –
1. Sports and recreational areas
2. Shopping areas
The Airport zone (Planning Layer III) consists of the Mana Aiport and the surrounding village agricultural area. This includes parts of Mana, Barouda, Ramchandi and Banarsi village revenue estates. Spread over an area of 1192.56 hectare (Refer map 15.1). The zone abuts the Software Technology Park
on the east. It is demarcated considering the proposed runway extension and the proposed expressway to its north. Presently the airport runway length is 6400 feet (1950 m). The Airport Authority of India proposes to extend the runway length to 3810 m (12,500 feet). Taking into consideration the appropriate
no development zone, the development plan proposes an Expressway (100m R/W) originating from NH- 6 and connecting the 100 m western peripheral arterial road, Naya Raipur city. The additional area around the present airport as a part of the Airport Zone is reserved for other allied activities for the airport such as cargo housing, staff quarters, etc. The height restrictions with respect to approach funnel and with respect to the transitional area of the airport shall be as follows.
16.1 Landuse 2031- NRDA Planning Area
The NRDA Planning Area consists of three layers:
1. Planning Layer I (Naya Raipur City including green belt area) – 95.22 sq km (9522.00 ha)
2. Planning Layer II (Peripheral rural Zone) – 130.28 sq km (13028.00 ha )
3. Planning Layer III (Airport Zone) – 11.92 sq km (1192.56 ha)
16.1.1 Planning Layer I – Naya Raipur City including green belt area
Planning Layer I consists of the Naya Raipur City inclusive of the 500 m green belt around the Naya Raipur city covering an area of 15.089 sq km (1508.90 ha). Hence, the total area under Planning Layer I is 9522.00 ha. (Refer map 16.1 and 16.2).
Land Use Distribution – Proposed Naya Raipur City
The Land Use Plan – 2031 for Naya Raipur has been prepared considering:
i) The vision and city form (Section 5)
ii) Hierarchical structuring of the City Functions
iii) Land-use-transportation integration
iv) Accommodating existing developments like village settlements, water bodies, plantations etc.
All areas in Naya Raipur City have been designated as one of the 9 land use-zones, which are residential, commercial- retail, commercial – wholesale, industrial, special industry, public and semipublic, recreational, transportation, and composite use zone. The Composite Use Zone includes residential, commercial, and industrial uses. The city level physical infrastructure facilities are located outside the city and the area is reserved under utility zone in peripheral area. The land area break-up for the new city measuring 8013.1 ha is as in the following table 16.1.
16.1.2 Planning Layer II – Peripheral Rural Zone
The peripheral rural zone has an area of 13028.00 ha. The land use for this area is agricultural / rural use. (Refer map 16.2).
16.1.3 Planning Layer III – Airport Zone
The airport zone to be designed and developed as an integrated zone is spread over an area of 1192.56 ha. Its land use is Transportation – Airport. (Refer map 16.2).
17.1 Planning Horizon
The Plan provides the development strategy of Naya Raipur for a period of 25 years i.e., upto the horizon year 2031. The Plan anticipates that the population of the City to be 560,000 by the end of the planning period. It is expected that the new city will generate an employment for 222,950 people by the horizon year.
The basic structure of the Plan as proposed is to be developed as it is in three phases; however the Plan should not be regarded as a static or inflexible document that is resistant to the forces of economic, social or environmental changes during the planning period. The validity and relevance of the Plan should be maintained through a progressive monitoring and review as and when required.
17.2 Land Development Phasing
The development of the total project covering 8013.1 Ha has been distributed in three phases spread over the next 25 years as stated below –
Phase I includes the development of the Capitol Complex & the Government offices along with housing for Government employees as an initial impetus to growth. The revenue generating recreational activities like the resort, film city and the botanical park shall be developed in phase I. Phase I development shall also include the development of transport logistic hub, the composite use area in the north and a part of the composite use (Software Technology Park) next to the airport to service the city as well as the region. Also the development of the hotel complex and the socio-cultural area is proposed to be initiated in the first phase itself. The transportation hub and the integrated freight complex shall be developed in the third Phase.
Phase II includes the development of the institutional area, the exhibition ground and the city parkland along with residential development. The theme parks in the north, the cantonment and NCC and Police Academy block shall come up in Phase II.
The last six residential sectors shall be developed in the phase. The light industries and the software technology park, government offices and government housing have been distributed in more than one phase. Each developmental phase shall include the development of the requisite social as well as physical
infrastructure to support the phase wise population.
17.3 Population Phasing
The residential sectors have been phased out for Naya Raipur. The sector wise population distribution based on the predetermined density pattern and distributed amongst the three phases has been worked out. (Refer map 17.1). The housing for Government employees and residential development by the Housing Board has been included in phase-I.
17.4 Investment Cost Estimates
Based on the Land Development Phasing as identified in map 17.1 the estimates for the investment costs for plan implementation have been calculated as in table 17.2.
17.5 Investment for Transport System Development
The total investment for development of transport system (physical facilities) is estimated to be Rs. 1715.48 Crores. The phase-wise estimates, by major aspects are as given in table 17.3. Phasing of roads is as shown in map 17.2.
17.5.1 Unit Costs
17.6 Private Sector Participation
Many of the investments in different land uses could be generated through private sector participation.
The Development Code includes the following:
ii) Planning Layers in NRDA Area
iii) Classification of Landuse Zones
iv) Land Use Permissibility
v) Development Control Regulations
• Subdivision Regulations
• Development Controls for integrated developments and individual buildings
vi) Basic Development Regulations for Planning Layers II and III.
Land Use Zone: An area for any one of the specific dominant uses of urban/rural functions as provided in Section 18.4.
Land Use: One of the many sub-divisions of a use zone, as designated in an approved layout plan, for specific use and include the land use as provided in table 18.1.
Layout Plan: A sub-division plan indicating the configuration and sizes of land uses.
Land Use Plan: Plan indicating all the Land Use Zones as listed in Section 18.4.
Composite Use Zone: Use zone in the land use plan with land uses only as permitted in the table 18.1.
Special Industry Zone: Use zone in the land use plan with land uses only as permitted in the table 18.1.
Urban Villages: The village abadi falling within the proposed use zones in the proposed Naya Raipur City.
18.3 Planning Layers in NRDA Area
The NRDA area is divided into 3 Layers:
1. Layer I : Naya Raipur City including Green Belt
2. Layer II : Agriculture Area around, including the village settlements
3. Layer III : Airport Zone including airport expansion area
18.4 Classification of Land Use Zones
The entire area under the jurisdiction of the Naya Raipur Development Authority has been categorized
into twelve Land Use Zones:
i) Residential Zone
ii) Commercial Zone – Retail Commercial
iii) Commercial Zone – Wholesale Commercial
iv) Industrial Zone
v) Special Industrial Zone
vi) Public/Semi-public (P & SP) Zone
vii) Utilities Zone
viii) Transportation – General Zone
ix) Transportation – Airport Zone ( Planning Layer III)
x) Recreational Zone
xi) Composite Use Zone ( includes residential, commercial and light industrial)
xii) Rural Zone ( Planning Layer II )
18.5 Land Use Permissibility
Permissibility with regard to different land uses in the above listed Land Use Zones shall be as given in Table 18.1.
R – Residential Zone
CR – Commercial Retail Zone
CW- Commercial Wholesale Zone
I – Industrial Zone
SI- Special Industry Zone
P – Public /Semi – Public Facilities Zone
T – Transportation Zone
Re – Recreational
U – Utilities Zone
CU- Composite Use Zone
Ru- Rural Zone
A – Transportation – Airport Zone
* Within the Facility cum Green Corridor as discussed in Section 11.
** Within the abadi / abadi expansion zone as per the Village Development Scheme.
*** As per detailed area planning in designated location.
**** In City level Public/semi-public areas like capitol complex.
***** Only Nursing Homes in Residential areas.
1. Parks (including agriculture and plantation), parking, circulation and utilities can be located in any of the use zones. In recreation zone and the green belt area, these would be permitted with special permission from the Authority. Green belt shall generally have agricultural use.
2. In non-residential areas of residential sectors i.e. commercial areas/ Neighbourhood Centres.
3. In Facility Corridor and Industrial zone, to be permitted in commercial areas to be indicated in Layout Plans.
4. 15% of the area may be utilised for residential bungalow development and 1% for related commercial activities with 30% maximum ground coverage, maximum FAR .5 and maximum height 7 meters.
5. As listed in Annexe II, atta chakki would be permitted in designated commercial areas in residential use zone.
6. Uses permitted within the village settlement area and/or within the rural centre/zonal centre and/or within a distance of half kilometre of the settlement as per the provisions of approved village development scheme.
7. Residential Plot/residential flat could be used for corporate guest house.
8. Existing Village in any Use Zone shall be considered as residential use/development. For each village a village development scheme shall be prepared considering its expansion requirements. Until village development scheme is enforced, individual houses on plots admeasuring not less than 500 mts of area and within 100 mts of existing village abadi area may be permitted for the residents of corresponding village, subjected to conditions as decided by NRDA.
9. No urban development in the peripheral region (layer II) in Phase I and II except for those provided for the rural use zone as requirements for its facilities. The urban development may be considered after Phase II.
10. This permissibility is for the preparation of layout plan or as a case of permission from the authority.
11. Mining activity for construction material is permissible in rural use zone (layer-ii) at specific locations as decided by NRDA time to time.
12. Dhaba and weighing stations/ dharamkanta are also allowed on properties abutting National Highways-6 and 43 in rural (agricultural) use zone, Layer-II.
18.6 Development Control Regulations
18.6.1 Sub-division Regulations
The objective of sub-division regulations is to guide the preparation of layout plan for residential and industrial use zones. These regulations include norms for provision of facilities, circulation and landscape. The service plans corresponding to these layout plans for provision of physical infrastructure
like water supply, sewerage, drainage, solid waste management and power shall be as prescribed by the competent authority separately.
22.214.171.124 Residential Use Zone
The sub-division of residential use zone into plots/use premises and subsequent approval of the layout
plans shall be governed by the following:
i. The residential areas shall be planned at a gross residential density of 250 pph.
ii.The residential area may have both the plotted as well as group housing developments. In case of group housing, the minimum plot size shall be 4000 sq.m; in plotted housing the minimum plot size shall be 60 sq. m. in general and 40 sq.m. for incremental housing for low income groups.
iii. In the sector near the industrial area, small plots of 25 sq. m. may be developed to be allotted on
license fee which may be a temporary development for the next 10 to 15 years.
iv. Within given sector as part of the sanctioned sector plan by NRDA, the non residential activities shall be as per table 18.2 and marked as designated areas on plan. All non-residential activity within the sector shall be contained in these areas.
v.The provision of requisite social infrastructure shall be governed by the following norms for residential neighbourhood of 16,000 population. In any residential sub-division plan, minimum area reserved for social infrastructure shall be 8.7 sq.m. per person.
The Park and play areas shall be @ 4.5 sq.m. per person with one of the park cum play area to be of the minimum size of 1.50 ha.
vi. The planning of residential neighbourhood regarding circulation system shall be governed by the following norms:
i. The residential plots shall generally face an open space including pedestrians’ movement with a minimum width of 12 m. The plots may face a vehicular access road with 12m right of way. The circulation network within the cluster shall be so devised that no residential plot is more than 50 m away from the nearest point of the vehicular access road.
ii. All vehicles shall be restricted to specific parking lot or along the vehicular access road.
iii. Maximum length of cul-de-sac shall be 150 m and loop road shall be 450 m.
vii. The planning of residential neighbourhood regarding landscaping shall be governed by the following:
i. Suitable landscape plans for the residential area shall be prepared indicating in reasonable detail, the landscape development of the parks and the roadside plantation.
ii. The Neighbourhood Park shall be developed based on a landscape plan.
viii.The incremental housing plotted developments with a minimum plot area of 50 sqm plots shall be governed by the following norms:
i. Area under recreation shall be at the rate of 3.0 sq.m. per person (minimum).
ii. The plot shall face an open space/road including pedestrian movement with a minimum width of 6.0 m.
126.96.36.199 Industrial Zone
The sub-division of industrial use zone into plots shall be governed by the following norms: a) The development of industrial area may have plotted development for individual industrial units. Some part of industrial area may be used for flatted group industry. The minimum size of plot for flatted group industry shall be 2000 sq.m. Maximum size of service industry plot shall be 500 sq.m.
b) No road within the industrial area shall be less than 24m r/w.
c) The Industrial Sub-division shall provide for :
i. Minimum 10 % of the area to be reserved as recreational and green belt.
ii. Maximum 2 % of the area as commercial centre to accommodate essential commercial and related facilities.
iii. Minimum 8 % of the area for common facilities including common parking as per table below:
The area shall be developed with the following sub-division and development controls:
a) Academic including administration (45% of the total land area)
Maximum ground coverage 20%
Maximum Floor Area Ratio 40
Maximum height 26 m
b) Residential: 25% of the total land area
This will be developed at a gross residential density of 250 ppha. Other development controls shall be same as that of a residential use zone.
c) Sports and cultural activities (15% of the total area)
Maximum ground coverage 10%
Maximum Floor Area Ratio 15
d) Parks and landscape (15% of the total land area); suitable landscape plan to be prepared for this area.
188.8.131.52 Institutional and Research Area
Layout Plan for education and research areas and Institutional Area shall be prepared with 70 % area for institutional plots and 30 % of the area reserved for roads, parks, parking and some retail shopping. Minimum road width shall be 18 m.
18.6.2 Development Controls for integrated developments and individual buildings
The objective of these regulations is to provide development controls i.e. setbacks, parking requirement, basement, ground coverage, FAR and Maximum height for integrated developments and individual buildings.
184.108.40.206 Minimum Setbacks
The provision of minimum setbacks of the building or structure from the street line for different sizes of plots for all categories of use shall be as per the following table.
i. In case the permissible coverage is not achieved with setbacks, the setbacks of the preceding category may be allowed.
ii. These provisions of setbacks are subject to requirements of light and ventilation as per building bye-laws.
iii. In case a layout is sanctioned with more than the minimum prescribed setbacks, the same shall be followed in the sanction of the building plans.
iv. The authority could relax setbacks in special circumstances.
v. These setbacks would be essential in case of new housing developments in the rural settlements.
220.127.116.11 Parking Standards
Parking is to be provided for different types of development as per norms given in the following table. The standards given are in Equivalent Car Space (ECS) and it includes parking for all types of vehicles i.e. cars, scooters, cycles, and also light and heavy commercial vehicles in case of wholesale markets and industrial areas etc.
Basement shall be allowed only in the following complexes:
i. Central Business District
ii. Community Commercial cum Business Complex
iii. Capitol Complex
iv. Habitat Academy Complex
v. Socio – Cultural Complex
vi. Hotels Complex
vii. Group Housings
The maximum basement area shall be to the extent of ground coverage within the setback lines.
a) Development in special uses like Airport, Railway Terminal, Rail Circulation, Bus Terminal and Depot, Road Circulation, Water, Sewerage, Electricity, Solid Waste Management, Cremation and Burial Ground shall be governed by their functions and specific requirements.
b) Fire bye-laws as given in Annexe III to be followed or refer Model Building Bye Laws by Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO).
c) Provision of facilities in the public buildings excluding domestic buildings for handicapped persons as per Annexure IV or refer Model Building Bye Laws by Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO).
d) Recreational use zone to be developed as integrated development.
e) The maximum permissible height may be relaxed in accordance with Chattisgarh Bhumi Vikas Niyam, 1984, by the
NRDA for specific schemes in special circumstances.
f) In case , a whole sector or a subsector with minimum area of 15Ha under residential use zone is developed by a single Developer as a combination of plotted development and group housing development, FAR of 1.30 shall be permissible on the net residential area and can be utilised between plotted development and group housing development, as may be decided by the Developer, subject to the condition that the FAR that can be used on any plot in plotted development shall not exceed1.30 and that used for group housing, shall in no case exceed 1.75.
g) Under circumstances as described in point (f) above, NRDA shall have power to grant additional FAR at suitable locations in residential land use zone , subject to a maximum of 1.8 on net residential area. However, the maximum FAR permissible on each plot of a plotted development shall not exceed 1.3 and in group housing shall not exceed 2.50. The additional FAR shall be granted on payment of additional premium as may be decided by the NRDA. in such a case , the net housing density may be relaxed, provided that, provisions for adequate social & physical infrastructure and parking are made as per norms of Development Plan.
18.7 Basic Development Regulations for Planning Layers II and III
18.7.1 Regulations for Layer II
• General Regulations for the Village Settlement Areas
i. These areas shall be considered as residential use zone, all residential and incidental public and semi public facilities and utilities shall be permitted therein. Rural centres and public and semi public facilities shall be allowed within 0.5 km of the settlement.
ii. In case of Central Village (separately identified) a rural centre up to 2.5 hectare area could be developed to provide for education, health, recreation and other facilities to serve the population in the surrounding 6-8 villages. (Population 8-10 thousand).
iii. In case of Zonal Villages (separately identified) a rural centre could be developed in up to 4 hectare area for education, health, commercial and recreation facilities to serve the zonal and the adjoining villages (population approximate 18-20 thousand).
iv. Permissibility with respect to different uses identified in Layer II shall be as per table 18.1. Independent Facility not related to rural centres shall be permitted with permission from NRDA.
v. Refer Section 18.104.22.168 for development controls like FAR, building height, maximum ground coverage etc. for the use premises located in Layer II.
• Regulation for the Agriculture and other area outside the village settlements
In these areas uses permitted are agriculture orchard, plant nursery, forests, cattle sheds, dairy farms, poultry farms, and brick manufacturing. Public/Semi-Public Activities (Institutional development) with following controls may be permitted.
Maximum Height 10 m
Minimum Plot Area 2 ha
Maximum Ground coverage 15%
Minimum Access Road 15 m
• Additional Provision for public & semi – public properties abutting National Highway-6 and National Highway-43 in agriculture use (Rural Zone Layer II)*
In addition to Above mentioned development controls regulations following setback regulations shall be followed;
Front set back 25 m
Rear setback 15 m
Side setbacks 9 m
18.7.2 Layer III: Airport area including its expansion area
• Regulation for the Airport and Allied activities area
a) Any building in this zone shall need permission from Airport Authority of India (AAI)
b) Permissibility with respect to different uses identified in Layer III shall be as per table 18.1.
c) Refer Section 22.214.171.124 for development controls like FAR, building height, maximum ground coverage etc. for the use premises located in Layer III.
d) Airport Authority of India would prepare a Master Plan for the Airport Zone considering its expansion activities in the horizon year 2031.
18.8 Other Regulations
1. Construction along Road Right of Way (R/W)
The right of ways (R/Ws) for different types of roads is as follows;
a) Expressway 100m R/W
b) National Highways 100m R/W
c) State Highways 60m R/W
d) Major District Roads 25m R/W
e) ODR’s & village roads 15m R/W
f) Village roads 12m R/W
2. Construction of Building not to encroach upon an Area Set upon For Means of Access.
No building shall be constructed, which in any way, encroaches upon or diminishes the area set apart as means of access required under this regulation.
3. Trunk Services:
• Water and Sewage treatment plants, Electric Substation and Solid Waste Management may be established in the Layers-I, II & II. Environmental clearance from the competent authority is required especially in the arrangements for disposal of solid and liquid wastes.
• Solid waste and development of landfill site should be as per to the provisions of MSW 2000.
4. Water Bodies
• All the water bodies of the Layer II & III shall be protected.
• There shall be no discharge of wastewater in the water-bodies.
• No water bodies should be filled to develop any kind of building in Layer II & III.
• Mahanadi canal shall be protected providing buffer of green belt of 100m.
• As far as possible, the existing canals, water bodies and drains should not be disturbed.
18.9 Urban Design Control
Urban Design Control may be prescribed within the given parameters in the Development Control Regulations.
1) The development control regulations included in the Development Plan for Naya Raipur as given in section 18 are mandatory for any land development or building activity in Naya Raipur.
2) Already sanctioned Building Plans and/or Layout Plans in the NRDA planning area by the competent authority as per law shall be allowed to remain. Further development would be within the framework of the given development code.
3) In Public Buildings, excluding domestic buildings, the facilities for disabled persons shall be provided as per Annexure IV or refer Model Building Bye Laws by Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO).
4) The guidelines for implementation of Solar Energy Policy at individual development level to be followed as per the Energy Conservation Building Code 2006, by Bureau of Energy Efficiency.
5) Rain Water Harvesting to be adopted at individual development level as per sub- section 10.3.2 of section 10, Physical Infrastructure.
6) The maximum building height in the approach funnel for the Mana Airport shall be as per AAI/ICAO requirements and as mentioned in National Building Code. Refer section 15 and map 15.1.
7) For any other provisions required for land development/ building activity, Chhattisgarh Bhumi Vikas Rules 1984 shall be followed or else the provisions of National Building Code shall apply.
8) Change in Road Alignment Proposed in Naya Raipur Development Plan in Layer -I may be Permitted by NRDA in special Circumstances after recording the reasons for such change.
9) Existing land uses adopted under section 15 of Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam 1973 shall be allowed to remain in layer II and further permission will be given as per Development Regulations laid down in Development Plan for that Particular use Zone.
The elaborate proposals of the Development Plan can possibly materialize only through a well-thought out institutional mechanism. Naya Raipur, the dream capital of the state, a modern city which will stake claims into a globalizing national economy, would prefer to avail modern techniques of project implementation and latest practices in institutional mechanism.
19.2 Looking Back
Traditionally, the state departments i.e. Public Work Department (PWD), Electricity Boards, Water Supply Boards have been responsible for planning providing trunk infrastructure inputs in cities. The detailing and distribution has been the domain of development authorities and/or municipal corporation. For new towns, the major ones among which have been industrial townships, especially those in core sector like steel, have been traditionally established by the dedicated organizations created by the Central Government which were responsible for Planning, implementation, administration and maintenance of the respective townships. For most part, these remained isolated townships until subsequently, the state government realized that urban development being a state subject, planned intervention and overall perspective was required to integrate the development with the city. As a result the development authorities and municipal corporations were put in place which took over the planning and maintenance functions. Such ready examples can be seen in case of Durgapur and Bhilai Steel
plants. This was a regular feature of the fifties and sixties. Post-independence three capital cities came into existence in India. Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab & Haryana, is managed by the central government thorough the Union Territory Administration. Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa was planned and developed under a Notified Area Committee under the state government’s urban development department until a municipal corporation took over in 1994.Similarly Gandhinagar, was planned & implemented and is being managed under the state urban development department. However, for new towns set up in late seventies the initial organizational set up was essentially planning / implementation maintenance agency rolled into one, which was either a development authority under the concerned state regulation (eg. New Okhla Industrial Development Authority, Noida) or a company under the Companies Act (City and Industrial Development Authority, Ltd. Maharashtra CIDCO). In case of CIDCO, the Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act, 1966 provided for the constitution of a mandate-specific government company managed by a board of directors. This trend continued up to the late nineties. In West Bengal, Salt Lake, a planned new town near Calcutta was completely planned, developed, owned and leased out by a state government department in the early seventies. However, in the late nineties when the same government decided to develop another new town, Rajarhat, it opted for the CIDCO model i.e. a company under the Companies Act.
19.3 Naya Raipur
In the early 2000, when the Government of Chhattisgarh ventured to build a new town near Raipur, the Capital Area Development Authority (CADA), now renamed as Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA) was set up under the Chhattisgarh Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam 1973 as a Special Area Development Authority (SADA). The authority consists of Chairman, Vice Chairman and Members. The act defines the role of NRDA as follows:
a. To prepare Development Plan for the Special area
b. To implement the approved development plan
c. To acquire, hold, develop, manage and dispose of land and property.
d. To accept grant from the state govt. and raise loans.
However, under the Chhattisgarh Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam 1973, the NRDA, though empowered to plan and execute the new town is not empowered in terms of granting development permission and control of unauthorized construction. NRDA should be empowered to raise funds through levy of tax, cess, fees and charges. Therefore, a thorough review of the existing statutory platform vis-a-vis plan implementation and institutional mechanism options is already undertaken by the NRDA. Naya Raipur has heralded the era of total revamp of urban development scenario in the state.
19.4 Probable Set up
Like few other states which are already following the CIDCO model of institutional mechanism, the NRDA may opt for the same, since higher autonomy within the purview of government supervision is possible in this model. Necessary modifications have to be made in the 1973 Adhiniyam to allow the NRDA to become a company under the companies Act. It is proposed that the highest powers within NRDA be vested with the Board of Directors (BoD). The Board needs to be headed by highest level of administration of urban development as chairman and similarly represented by other departments who have to play role in the balanced development of Naya Raipur. It can also have representation from the people’s representative. Eminent technical and social experts of independent stature can also be inducted as members. The Board will be responsible to steer the NRDA and formulate policies and guidelines time to time. The CEO, NRDA shall be part of the Board.
In large projects such a Naya Raipur coordination and commitment from all the departments of the Govt playing role in the city and the surrounding development is necessary. It is therefore proposed to have a Technical Committee, which will have the technical heads of the state departments e.g. Director, Town Planning, Chief Engineers/Architect, Chief conservator of forest, Chief of Rural Development, Tribal welfare, Women and Child Welfare Department, etc. This will act as an independent consultative committee, which will take decisions on the strategy to implement the policies firmed up by the Board. While taking a decision for Naya Raipur, this committee shall take into consideration the pros and cons of the decision with respect to Naya Raipur, surrounding region and the state. Necessary powers needs to be given to this committee so that the decision once taken by the committee and approved by NRDA Board shall be full and final. This process would save time remarkably and render NRDA into an efficient organization. The committee shall be assisted by in-house Technical / non-technical experts or HODS of NRDA and minimum general staff.
19.6 Public Private Partnership
In keeping with the trends of globalization, involvement of private sector and restricting the government role to facilitator / regulator the Government of Chhattisgarh is considering quite a few path-breaking measures especially in bringing about physical infrastructure. Naya Raipur will certainly benefit from
these efforts. The fundamentals of the SPV are as under.
• Partnership company with state govt.
• The Company will plan & execute all state level major roads as identified from time to time.
• The company shall construct all the major roads at its own cost and maintain the same
• The Government shall pay the company an annuity at certain percentage of cost for a decided period. .
• This model shall completely revolutionize the role of State PWD, and also help the government in term of cost- cutting, i.e. to forgo maintaining elaborate set up etc. NRDA has also taken similar approach. The plan preparation, policy formulation, have been already out sourced and agencies such as M/s CES, CIDCO, has been entrusted with various jobs. It is expected that the NRDA will adopt a similar approach at its own level for other infrastructure, for example storm
water drainage, sewerage treatment and disposal, water supply and distribution, solid waste disposal etc. Only the supply and distribution of electricity shall be solely with the state level organization. This will help to keep the own organization structure compact, cost – effective and manageable. It is proposed that the social infrastructure be brought about by NRDA in a facilitator role. It may invite profiles from major charitable / educational, social welfare trust /socialites or other organizations accompanied by adequate proof of service rendered to the target group, management practices, financial stability etc. They may also include their willingness or otherwise to set up facility centre at Naya Raipur and approximate size of plot which should be justified in the proposal. The same may be invited from Government agencies / organization operating at various level related to social welfare, health, education etc.
19.7 System Development
It is proposed that NRDA should develop a system by way of computerization for Land acquisition, Accounting and Land disposal to keep proper records. A people friendly and transparent system for development permission is also necessary. A further detailed study needs to be conducted to work out most appropriate Institutional set up for the Naya Raipur city.